18th April 2017 | Editorial Simplified

Editorial Simplified : 18th Day of April 2017

This Series of posts covers the essential Editorial from prominent newspapers. The Editorial from the newspapers are compiled by the Subject Teachers form the Academy and provided in notes format so that the aspirants does not waste their precious time in sifting through the newspapers.

The Hindu

Editorial : HIV/AIDS Bill

Context:

Passing of the HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Bill

Important Points:

  • The population of HIV/AIDS infected people in India is estimated at 21 lakh.
  • The legislation empowers those who have contracted the infection in a variety of ways: such as protecting against discrimination in employment, education, health-care services, getting insurance and renting property. 
  • Data for 2015 published by the Ministry show that two-thirds of HIV-positive cases are confined to seven States, while three others have more than one lakh cases each.
  • Centre should initiate active public consultations to draw up the guidelines to govern the operation of the law. The West has a history of community involvement in policymaking for HIV/AIDS
  • The Supreme Court has played its role by ruling against patent extensions on frivolous grounds, putting the generic drugs industry, which is very crucial for HIV treatment, on a firm footing. 

Critical Analysis:

  • The said Bill does not guarantee access to anti-retroviral drugs and treatment for opportunistic infections. On this ground, the affected community are disappointed.
  • The law enjoins the States to provide access “as far as possible”.
  • The onus is now on states to show political will for its effective implementation and appoint ombudsman to look into complaints of violations.
  • Parliamentary Standing Committee on Health and Family Welfare noted that State rules should prescribe a reasonable time limit for inquiries into complaints.
  • To achieve Goal 3 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals — to “end the epidemic of AIDS” (among others) by 2030 — a rapid scaling up of interventions to prevent new cases and to offer free universal treatment is critical. 
  • Publicly funded insurance is required to bring this subset of care-seekers into the overall risk pool.

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