India slips two places on Corruption Perceptions Index
India’s ranking in the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI-2019) has slipped from 78 to 80 compared to the previous year, Transparency International, questioning the “unfair and opaque political financing” in the country. Its score of 41 out of 100 remains the same.
The top ranked countries are New Zealand and Denmark, with scores of 87 each, followed by Finland (86), Singapore (85), Sweden (85) and Switzerland (85).
New snake species discovered in Odisha
A new snake eel species residing in the Bay of Bengal has been discovered and documented this month (January) by the Estuarine Biology Regional Centre (EBRC) of the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) at Gopalpur-on-sea in Odisha.
- This new marine species has been named Ophichthus kailashchandrai to honour the vast contributions of Dr. Kailash Chandra, Director of ZSI, to Indian animal taxonomy.
- Ophichthus kailashchandrai is the eighth species of the Ophichthus genus found on the Indian coast.
- It is the fifth new species discovered by the Gopalpur ZSI in the last two years.
New species –
In 2019, two new species of marine eel, Gymnothorax andamanensesis and Gymnothorax smithi were been discovered by this ZSI centre.
About ZSI –
- It is India’s apex organisation on animal taxonomy.
- Its objective is to promote survey, exploration, research and documentation on various aspects of animal taxonomy in Indian subcontinent.
- It also seeks advancement of knowledge on animal taxonomy.
- It was established in 1916 and headquartered in Kolkata.
- It has been declared as designated repository for National Zoological Collection as per section 39 of the National Biodiversity Act, 2002.
ICJ orders Myanmar to prevent Rohingya genocide
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) has ordered Myanmar to take urgent measures to protect its Rohingya population from genocide, a ruling cheered by refugees as their first major legal victory since being forced from their homes.
What does the order say?
Myanmar must “take all measures within its power to prevent all acts” prohibited under the 1948 Genocide Convention, and report back within four months.
About International Court of Justice –
- ICJ was established in 1945 by the United Nations charter and started working in April 1946.
- It is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, situated at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands).
- Unlike the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York (USA).
- It settles legal disputes between States and gives advisory opinions in accordance with international law, on legal questions referred to it by authorised United Nations organs and specialised agencies.
- ICJ acts as a world court with two fold jurisdiction i.e. legal disputes between States submitted to it by them (contentious cases) and requests for advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by United Nations organs and specialised agencies (advisory proceedings).
Rohingya issue –
- The Rohingya are an ethnic group, the majority of whom are Muslim. The Rohingyas are 100 per cent Bengali and speak a Chittagong dialect. They currently reside in Rakhine State, Myanmar. There was an estimated about 1 million Rohingya living in Myanmar before the 2016–17 crisis.
- Military coup in Myanmar changed the national history of the country after 1962. All citizens were required to obtain national registration cards, but Rohingya was given foreign identity cards. This act, gradually diminishing the rights on the jobs and educational opportunities. In 1982, a new citizenship law resolution was passed which effectively curbed the Rohingya as stateless resident.
- In the early 1970’s, Myanmar government began to follow a series of crackdowns Rohingya in Rakhine State have forced hundreds of thousands to flee to neighbouring Bangladesh, India, Thailand and Saudi Arabia.
Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar
In order to recognise the excellent work done by individuals and institutions in India in the field of disaster management, Government of India has instituted an annual award known as Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar.
What is the award?
- The award is announced every year on 23rd January, the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
- In case the winner being an institution, it shall receive a certificate and a cash prize of Rs. 51 lakhs. This cash prize shall be utilised by the winning institution for Disaster Management related activities only. In case of the winner being an individual, winner shall receive a certificate and a cash prize of Rs. 5 lakhs.
- For the year 2019, 8th Battalion of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) located at Ghaziabad, had been selected for the award for its commendable work in disaster management.
- For the year 2020, Disaster Mitigation & Management Centre, Uttarakhand (in the institution category) and Shri Kumar Munnan Singh (Individual category) have been selected for the Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar for their commendable work in Disaster Management.