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Prelims Booster

20th March – Prelims Booster

PRELIMS BOOSTER

NCC Certificate holders to join paramilitary forces

Union Minister for Home Affairs, Shri Amit Shah has taken an unprecedented decision to give NCC Certificate holders Bonus Marks in direct entry examinations for in the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs), as prevalent in Armed forces examinations.

Details –

The provisions are as below:

  • NCC ‘C’ certificate holders will be given 5% of the maximum marks of the examination as bonus marks.
  • NCC ‘B’ certificate holders will be given 3% of the maximum marks of the examination as bonus marks.
  • NCC ‘A’ certificate holders will be given 2% of the maximum marks of the examination as bonus marks.

About NCC –

  • NCC is a tri-service organisation comprising of the Army, Naval and Air wings.
  • The motto of the organisation is ‘Unity and Discipline’, following which it prepares youth as disciplined and patriotic citizens.
  • NCC was formed under the National Cadet Corps Act, 1948.
  • Cadets are given basic military and weapons training in NCC, by serving officers of the Armed forces.
  • It is a voluntary organisation which recruits cadets from high schools, higher secondary, colleges and universities all over India.
  • The officers and cadets have no liability for active military service once they complete their course.
  • It can be traced back to the ‘University Corps’, which was created under the Indian Defence Act 1917, with the objective to make up for the shortage in the Army.
  • The NCC is headed by a Director General with the rank of Lieutenant General.
  • NCC falls under the domain of Ministry of Defence.

NHRC notice to Assam government

The National Human Rights Commission has issued a notice to the Assam government asking why a man assaulted almost a year ago for selling beef should not be paid Rs 1 lakh as compensation.

About NHRC –

  • India enacted the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993, with a view to bring about greater accountability and strengthen the dominion of human rights in the country. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) was established on October 12, 1993.
  • NHRC was constituted under Section 3 of the 1993 Act for better protection of human rights. The term ‘human rights’ is defined in Section 2(d) of the 1993 Act, which reads as follows: “ “Human rights” means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by courts in India.”

Powers and functions –

  • It is autonomous i.e. it has been created by an Act of Parliament.
  • NHRC is committed to provide independent views on issues within the parlance of the Constitution or in law for the time being enforced for the protection of human rights. The Commission takes an  independent stand.
  • NHRC has the powers of a civil court.
  • Authority to grant interim relief
  • Authority to recommend payment of compensation or damages
  • Over seventy thousand complaints received every year reflects the credibility of the Commission and the trust reposed in it by the citizens.
  • NHRC has a very wide mandate
  • NHRC has unique mechanism with which it also monitors implementation of its various recommendations.

Composition –

The act lays down the qualifications that the members are required to have, to be eligible to be appointed to the Commission. Section 3 of the Act lays down that the Commission shall consist of (after 2019 amendment act) –

  • A Chairperson
  • One Member who is, or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court of India
  • One Member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court
  • Three Members to be appointed from among persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights (one should be a woman)
  • In addition, the Chairperson of the National Commission for Backward Classes, Chairperson of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights and the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities as deemed Members of the Commission;

Amendment in 2019 –

The Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019, inter alia, provides –

  • that a person who has been a Judge of the Supreme Court is also made eligible to be appointed as Chairperson of the Commission in addition to the person who has been the Chief Justice of India;
  • to increase the Members of the Commission from two to three of which, one shall be a woman;
  • to include Chairperson of the National Commission for Backward Classes, Chairperson of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights and the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities as deemed Members of the Commission;
  • to reduce the term of the Chairperson and Members of the Commission and the State Commissions from five to three years and shall be eligible for re-appointment;
  • to provide that a person who has been a Judge of a High Court is also made eligible to be appointed as Chairperson of the State Commission in addition to the person who has been the Chief Justice of the High Court; and,
  • to confer upon State Commissions, the functions relating to human rights being discharged by the Union territories, other than the Union territory of Delhi, which will be dealt with by the Commission.

NDRF puts contingency plans in place

The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) has trained more than 15,000 staff deployed at the air and land ports across the country on the protocols to be followed in view of the COVID-19 outbreak.

About National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) –

  • NDRF is defined in Section 46 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  • It comes under Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • It is the only dedicated disaster response force in the world
  • Established in 2006 & HQ: New Delhi
  • It works under National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) which lays down policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management.

About National Calamity Contingency Fund –

  • National Calamity Contingency Fund (NCCF) was renamed as NDRF with the enactment of the Disaster Management Act in 2005.
  • It is a fund managed by the Central Government for meeting the expenses for emergency response, relief and rehabilitation due to any threatening disaster situation or disaster. 
  • Constituted to supplement the funds of the State Disaster Response Funds (SDRF) of the states to facilitate immediate relief in case of calamities of a severe nature.

GreenCo Rating System

GreenCo has been acknowledged in India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) document, submitted to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2015.

About GreenCo Rating System –

  • It is developed by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).
  • It is a proactive voluntary action of Indian industry / private sector towards combating climate change.
  • It helps the industrial units in identifying and implementing various possible measures in terms of energy conservation, material conservation, recycling, utilisation of renewable energy, Green House Gases (GHG) reduction, water conservation, solid and liquid waste management, green cover etc. 

Daily MCQs

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