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Prelims Booster

2nd April – Prelims Booster

PRELIMS BOOSTER

Tablighi Jamaat

The Tablighi Jamaat has come under the spotlight amid the Covid-19 crisis. According to the Pew Research Center’s Religion and Public Life project, the Tablighi Jamaat had in 2010 over 80 million followers spread out over more than 150 countries.

What is Tablighi Jamaat?

  • Tablighi Jamaat (society for spreading faith) is a non-political global Sunni Islamic missionary organisation with its roots in India.
  • The movement was started in 1927 by Muhammad Ilyas al-Kandhlawi.
  • Its goal is to create the “golden age” of Islam (Khilafat) through invitation (tabligh) to nominal Muslims to return to the six pillars of Islam, as espoused by Prophet Muhammad, according to an article published by Georgetown University’s Berkley Center.
  • Tablighi Jamaat focuses on urging Muslims to return to primary Sunni Islam, particularly in matters of rituals, attires, and personal behaviour.
  • It has been called “one of the most influential religious movements in 20th century Islam”.

Origin –

  • The movement began as an effort to counteract the activities of Hindu revivalists in India who, at the time, were attempting to convert Muslims to Hinduism.
  • Worried that existing Islamic educational institutions were not capable of fending off the Hindu challenge, Ilyas envisioned a movement that would send missionaries to villages to instil Muslims with core Islamic values.

Belief system –

Tablighi Jamaat focuses on six pillars — kalima (belief in the oneness of Allah), salah (daily prayers), ilm and zikr (remembrance of Allah and fellowship), ikraam-e-Muslim (to treat fellow Muslims with respect), tas’hih-i-niyyat (to reform and devote one’s life to Islamic ideals), and dawah (to preach the message of Allah).

Culture –

  • Male followers grow beards and wear long kurtas, their pajamas end above the ankles.
  • Women cover themselves in public and are generally confined, typically, to family and religious life.
  • Inside their homes, followers prefer a very simplistic design, and generally prefer to have carpets and cushions to sit on rather than plush sofas. They also desist TV and music.

J&K sets up PMRU for NPPA

Jammu & Kashmir Union Territory has become 12th State  today where the Price Monitoring & Resource Unit (PMRU) has been set up by National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA).

Details –

  • PMRUs have already been set up by NPPA in 11 States, including, Kerala, Odisha, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Nagaland, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Mizoram.
  • PMRU will also collect samples of medicines, collect and analyse data and make reports with respect to availability and over-pricing of medicines for taking action under the provisions of Drug Price Control Order (DPCO).
  • PMRU, J&K will assist NPPA and Governments in checking overpricing and identifying causes & addressing local issues of shortages/hoarding in the current situation when country is fighting the COVID-19 pandemic.

About NPPA –

  • National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA), was established on 29th August 1997 as an independent body of experts as per the decision taken by the Cabinet committee in September 1994 while reviewing Drug Policy.
  • The Authority has been entrusted with the task of fixation/revision of prices of pharmaceutical products (bulk drugs and formulations), enforcement of provisions of the Drugs (Prices Control) Order and monitoring of the prices of controlled and decontrolled drugs in the country.
  • In respect of medicines not under price control, manufacturers are allowed to increase the maximum retail price by 10 per cent annually.

About PMRU –

  • The PMRU is a registered society which functions under the direct control and supervision of State Drug Controller of the concerned state. 
  • The unit is funded by NPPA for its recurring and non-recurring expenses.
  • The PMRU helps NPPA and State Drug Controller in ensuring availability and accessibility of medicines at affordable prices.
  • It also organises seminars, training programs and other information, education and communication (IEC) activities in the areas of availability and affordability of medicines for all.

SunRISE Mission

The US space agency, NASA selected the proposed Sun Radio Interferometer Space Experiment (SunRISE) mission to study how the Sun creates and releases Giant Solar Particle Storms. 

About the mission –

  • The SunRISE mission will aid scientists to understand the working of the Solar System. The mission is believed to help protect future astronauts from Solar Storms while going to the Moon or Mars.
  • The mission design relies on six solar-powered CubeSats to simultaneously observe radio images of low-frequency emission from solar activity and share them via NASA’s Deep Space Network.
  • As a part of the Explorers Program, SunRise mission was one of two missions selected by NASA in August 2017 for the Mission of Opportunity program.
  • In March 2020, the Mission was awarded $62.6 million to design, build, and launch the mission. The NET launch date of the SunRISE mission is 1 July 2023.

Daily MCQs

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