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Prelims Booster

13th May – Prelims Booster

Gandhi Peace Prize

The Ministry of Culture invites nominations for awarding Gandhi Peace Prize every year. For the year 2020, the last date for submission of nominations was extended due to COVID19 lockdown.

About Gandhi Peace Prize –

  • The International Gandhi Peace Prize (named after Mahatma Gandhi) is awarded annually by the Government of India.
  • It was launched in the year 1995 on the occasion of 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • It is an annual award given to individuals and institutions for their contributions towards social, economic and political transformation through non-violence and other Gandhian methods.
  • The award carries ₹ 1 Crore (10 million) in cash, convertible in any currency in the world, a plaque and a citation.
  • It is open to all persons regardless of nationality, race, creed or gender.
  • A jury consisting of the Prime Minister of India, the Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha, the Chief Justice of India, Speaker of the Lok Sabha and one other eminent person decides the awardee each year.
  • If the jury considers that none of the proposed nominations merit recognition, the jury is free to withhold the award for that year; the award was withheld in the years from 2006 to 2012.
  • Some of the prominent awardees include – Nelson Mandela, Akshaya Patra Foundation, ISRO, Grameen Bank of Bangladesh, Ramakrishna Mission, Vivekananda Kendra, Yohei Sasakawa etc.

Atal Pension Yojana

The flagship social security scheme of Government of India ‘Atal Pension Yojana’ has completed five years of successful implementation.

Details –

  • The journey of APY over these five years has been phenomenal and as on 9th May 2020, the total enrolment under the scheme stood at 2,23,54,028.
  • During the first two years of its launch, almost 50 lacs subscribers were enrolled which doubled to 100 lacs in the third year and the milestone of 1.50 crore was achieved in the 4th year.
  • In the last financial year, almost 70 lacs subscribers were enrolled under the scheme.

About Atal Pension Yojana –

  • A new version of Swavlamban Scheme, Atal Pension Yojana (APY) was announced in the Budget for 2015-16.
  • With this introduction, the enrolment under Swavalamban has been closed and the eligible subscribers were automatically migrated to the APY unless they opt out.
  • Under the APY, the subscribers would receive the fixed pension ranging from Rs. 1000 – Rs. 5000 per month, at the age of 60 years, depending on their contributions.
  • It focuses on all citizens in the unorganised sector, who join the National Pension System (NPS) administered by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA).
  • It is open to all bank account holders who are not members of any statutory social security scheme.
  • It mainly targets on unorganised sector workers.
  • The age of joining APY is 18 years to 40 years. Therefore, minimum period of contribution by the subscriber under APY would be 20 years or more.
  • The Central Government would also co-contribute 50% of the subscriber‘s contribution or Rs. 1000 per annum, whichever is lower for a period of 5 years upto 2020.
  • The same pension would be paid to the spouse of the subscriber and on the demise of both the subscriber and spouse, the accumulated pension wealth is returned to the nominee.

About PFRDA –

  • Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) is the statutory Authority established by an enactment of the Parliament, to regulate, promote and ensure orderly growth of the National Pension System (NPS) and pension schemes to which this Act applies.
  • NPS was initially notified for central government employees recruits w.e.f 1st January 2004 and subsequently adopted by almost all State Governments for its employees.
  • NPS was extended to all Indian citizens (resident/non-resident/overseas) on a voluntary basis and to corporates for its employees.

SwasthVayu

CSIR – National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) Bangalore, a constituent of lab of CSIR has developed a Non Invasive BiPAP Ventilator in a record time of 36 days to treat COVID-19 patients.

Details –

  • BiPAP Non-Invasive ventilator is a microcontroller-based precise closed-loop adaptive control system with a built-in biocompatible “3D printed manifold & coupler” with HEPA filter (Highly Efficient Particulate Air Filter).
  • These unique features help to alleviate the fear of the virus spread. It has features like Spontaneous, CPAP, Timed, AUTO BIPAP modes with provision to connect Oxygen concentrator or Enrichment unit externally. 
  • The system has been certified for safety and performance by NABL accredited agencies. The system has undergone stringent biomedical tests and beta clinical trials at NAL Health Centre.

Significance –

  • The major advantage of this machine is that it is simple to use without any specialised nursing, cost effective, compact and configured with majority of indigenous components.
  • This is ideal for treating COVID -19 patients in Wards, Make shift Hospitals, dispensaries and home in current Indian COVID 19 scenario.

International Nurses Day

The 200th birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, founder of modern nursing falls on May 12th, 2020.

Who was Florence Nightingale?

  • Florence Nightingale,  (12 May 1820 – 13 August 1910) was an English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing.
  • Nightingale came to prominence while serving as a manager of nurses trained by her during the Crimean War, where she organised the tending to wounded soldiers.
  • She gave nursing a highly favourable reputation and became an icon of Victorian culture, especially in the persona of “The Lady with the Lamp” making rounds of wounded soldiers at night.
  • Nightingale (1820-1910), who had considerable mathematical skills, is credited with being the first healthcare professional to use data to show that infection control improves health outcomes.
  • Through her career she stressed a practice that is relevant as ever today — handwashing. The irony is that the pandemic has not only ruined her anniversary but is also threatening part of her legacy.
  • International Nurses Day (IND) is an international day observed around the world on 12th May (the anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s birth) of each year, to mark the contribution that nurses make to society.
  • The theme of International Nurses Day 2020 is ‘Nursing the World to Health’.

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