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Prelims Booster

3rd October – Prelims Booster

Bongosagar and BN-Corpat

The second edition of Indian Navy (IN) – Bangladesh Navy (BN) Bilateral Exercise Bongosagar is scheduled to commence in Northern Bay of Bengal on 03 October 2020.

Details –

  • Exercise Bongosagar, whose first edition was held in 2019, is aimed at developing inter-operability and joint operational skills through conduct of a wide spectrum of maritime exercises and operations.
  • In the upcoming edition of Exercise Bongosagar, ships from both navies will participate in surface warfare drills, seamanship evolutions and helicopter operations
  • This exercise will be followed by the 3rd edition of IN – BN Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) in Northern Bay of Bengal, wherein IN and BN units will undertake joint patrolling along the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL).
  • Conduct of CORPATs has strengthened understanding between both the navies and instituted measures to stop conduct of unlawful activities.
  • This edition of Exercise Bongosagar assumes greater significance since it is being conducted during Mujib Barsho, the 100th birth anniversary of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

VAIBHAV Summit 2020

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has inaugurated Vaishvik Bhartiya Vaigyanik (VAIBHAV) Summit.

About VAIBHAV Summit –

  • The VAIBHAV Summit is a global virtual summit of overseas and resident Indian Researchers and Academicians, and is being organised from 2nd October to 31st October 2020.
  • The aim of the summit is to bring Indian origin luminaries in academic institutes and R&D organisations across the world and resident counterparts on a single platform to debate upon collaboration mechanisms to strengthen academic and S&T base in India for global development.
  • The initiative involves multiple levels of interactions among overseas experts and Indian counterparts over a month-long series of webinars, video conferences etc.
  • Key areas of discussion will include – quantum technologies, artificial intelligence and machine learning, communications technologies, computational and data sciences and aerospace technologies among others.
  • The Summit is a joint effort of various Science & Technology (S&T) and Academic organisations, including Department of S&T, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

Tribal Entrepreneurship Development Programme

Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), an apex industry body have embarked upon a new three-year initiative jointly for Tribal Entrepreneurship Development’. ASSOCHAM has been designated as one of several Centres of Excellence which are partnering with Ministry of Tribal Affairs to carry out special projects related to socio-economic development of Tribals.

About the programme –

  • The ‘Tribal Entrepreneurship Development Programme’ would optimise the contribution of tribal population to the growing economy of our country and support India’s vision of becoming Atmanirbhar.
  • 1000 tribal artisans would be identified under this initiative and would be helped to create a unique brand identity with a differentiated value proposition and connect with the potential customer base through exhibitions, Virtual road shows and explore participation of the entrepreneur’s in major events across the country and internationally.
  • In a bid to promote and support entrepreneurship across Indian tribal communities, efforts are underway in connecting agriculture and forest produce with markets using technology, creation of self-help groups, empowering women, and creating self-sustainable enterprises. The ‘ASSOCHAM will strive to explore avenues of promotion to create a robust tribal brand identity and in the process – build and enhance the entrepreneurial capabilities of the tribal artisans
  • Through the Centres of Excellence, value addition, technology advancement and marketing of tribal products would be facilitated to the tribal communities in a more effective and efficient manner.

About ASSOCHAM –

  • Founded in the year 1920, the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India is one of the apex trade associations of India.
  • It has more than 200 chambers and trade associations and around 4,50,000 members from all over India.
  • The organisation represents the interests of trade and commerce in India, and acts as an interface between issues and initiatives.
  • The goal of this organisation is to promote both domestic and international trade, and reduce trade barriers while fostering conducive environment for the growth of trade and industry of India.

Tribes India e-Marketplace

The Tribes India e-marketplace, India’s largest handicraft and organic products marketplace, is yet another pathbreaking initiative to transform tribal lives and livelihoods.

What is ‘Tribes India e-Marketplace’?

  • This pathbreaking initiative, showcasing the produce and handicrafts of tribal enterprises from across the country and help them market their produce/ products directly, is a major leap towards the digitisation of tribal commerce.
  • Tribes India e-Marketplace is an ambitious initiative through which TRIFED aims to onboard 5 lakh tribal producers for sourcing of various handicraft, handloom, natural food products across the country and bring the best of tribal produce.
  • The suppliers comprise of individual tribal artisans, tribal SHGs, Organisations/ Agencies/ NGOs working with tribals.
  • The platform provides the tribal suppliers with an Omni-channel facility to sell their goods through their own retailers and distributors, TRIFED’s network of Outlets and e-Commerce partners as well as their own account in e-Marketplace.

National Butterfly

A citizen campaign to drum up support for identifying a national butterfly has gained momentum with close to half a lakh people joining the movement from across the country. The National Butterfly Campaign has revived focus on the relevance of the charming, scaly winged insects in enhancing biodiversity.

Why?

  • India is yet to designate a national butterfly despite being home to over 1,300 species belonging to six butterfly families. Several countries, including Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia and Bhutan, have national butterflies.
  • As part of identifying butterfly species that could make it to the coveted status, the National Butterfly Campaign Consortium prepared a long-list of 50 butterflies that was further trimmed to seven.

Key contenders –

Krishna Peacock ( Papilio krishna), Indian Jezebel or Common Jezebel ( Delias eucharis), Orange Oakleaf ( Kallima inachus), Five-bar Swordtail ( Graphium antiphates), Indian Nawab, Yellow Gorgon and Northern Junglequeen ( Stichophthalma camadeva) are the contenders for the premier position.

MCQs

1. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about the exercise ‘Bongosagar’?

  1. It is a joint exercise between India and Bangladesh Air Forces aimed to develop interoperability and joint operational skills.
  2. It is the first of its kind exercise which was first held in the October 2020.

Select the correct codes from below –

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – D

Explanation – The second edition of Indian Navy (IN) – Bangladesh Navy (BN) Bilateral Exercise Bongosagar is scheduled to commence in Northern Bay of Bengal on 03 October 2020. Exercise Bongosagar, whose first edition was held in 2019, is aimed at developing inter-operability and joint operational skills through conduct of a wide spectrum of maritime exercises and operations. In the upcoming edition of Exercise Bongosagar, ships from both navies will participate in surface warfare drills, seamanship evolutions and helicopter operations.

2. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about the ‘VAIBHAV Summit 2020’?

  1. It is the first of its kind global virtual summit of overseas and resident Indian researchers and academicians to debate upon collaboration mechanisms to strengthen academic and S&T base in India for global development.
  2. It is a joint effort of various Science and Technology (S&T) and Academic organisations, including Department of S&T, Defence Research and Development Organisation.

Select the correct codes from below –

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – C

Explanation – Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has inaugurated Vaishvik Bhartiya Vaigyanik (VAIBHAV) Summit. The VAIBHAV Summit is a global virtual summit of overseas and resident Indian Researchers and Academicians, and is being organised from 2nd October to 31st October 2020. The aim of the summit is to bring Indian origin luminaries in academic institutes and R&D organisations across the world and resident counterparts on a single platform to debate upon collaboration mechanisms to strengthen academic and S&T base in India for global development. The initiative involves multiple levels of interactions among overseas experts and Indian counterparts over a month-long series of webinars, video conferences etc. Key areas of discussion will include – quantum technologies, artificial intelligence and machine learning, communications technologies, computational and data sciences and aerospace technologies among others. The Summit is a joint effort of various Science & Technology (S&T) and Academic organisations, including Department of S&T, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

3. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about the ‘Tribal Entrepreneurship Development Programme’?

  1. It is a jointly launched by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and ASSOCHAM for a three year period starting from October 2020.
  2. It aims to optimise the contribution of tribal population to the growing economy of our country.
  3. Under the programme, 1000 tribal artisans would be identified to be helped to create a unique brand identity.

Select the correct codes from below –

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Answer – D

Explanation – Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), an apex industry body have embarked upon a new three-year initiative jointly for Tribal Entrepreneurship Development’. ASSOCHAM has been designated as one of several Centres of Excellence which are partnering with Ministry of Tribal Affairs to carry out special projects related to socio-economic development of Tribals. The ‘Tribal Entrepreneurship Development Programme’ would optimise the contribution of tribal population to the growing economy of our country and support India’s vision of becoming Atmanirbhar. 1000 tribal artisans would be identified under this initiative and would be helped to create a unique brand identity with a differentiated value proposition and connect with the potential customer base through exhibitions, Virtual road shows and explore participation of the entrepreneur’s in major events across the country and internationally. In a bid to promote and support entrepreneurship across Indian tribal communities, efforts are underway in connecting agriculture and forest produce with markets using technology, creation of self-help groups, empowering women, and creating self-sustainable enterprises. The ‘ASSOCHAM will strive to explore avenues of promotion to create a robust tribal brand identity and in the process – build and enhance the entrepreneurial capabilities of the tribal artisans Through the Centres of Excellence, value addition, technology advancement and marketing of tribal products would be facilitated to the tribal communities in a more effective and efficient manner.

4. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about the ‘Tribes India e-marketplace’ programme?

  1. It aims to connect the tribal agricultural products to the e-NAM to provide MSP benefits to the tribal farmers and agricultural producers.
  2. The platform will provide an omni-channel facility to the tribal suppliers to sell their goods through their own retailers and distributors.

Select the correct codes from below –

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – B

Explanation – The Tribes India e-marketplace, India’s largest handicraft and organic products marketplace, is yet another pathbreaking initiative to transform tribal lives and livelihoods. This pathbreaking initiative, showcasing the produce and handicrafts of tribal enterprises from across the country and help them market their produce/ products directly, is a major leap towards the digitisation of tribal commerce. Tribes India e-Marketplace is an ambitious initiative through which TRIFED aims to onboard 5 lakh tribal producers for sourcing of various handicraft, handloom, natural food products across the country and bring the best of tribal produce. The suppliers comprise of individual tribal artisans, tribal SHGs, Organisations/ Agencies/ NGOs working with tribals. The platform provides the tribal suppliers with an Omni-channel facility to sell their goods through their own retailers and distributors, TRIFED’s network of Outlets and e-Commerce partners as well as their own account in e-Marketplace.

5. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

  1. Indian Jezebel is recently designated as the national butterfly of India.
  2. India is the first country in the world to have a dedicated national butterfly of its own.

Select the correct codes from below –

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – D

Explanation – India is yet to designate a national butterfly despite being home to over 1,300 species belonging to six butterfly families. Several countries, including Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia and Bhutan, have national butterflies. A citizen campaign to drum up support for identifying a national butterfly has gained momentum with close to half a lakh people joining the movement from across the country. The National Butterfly Campaign has revived focus on the relevance of the charming, scaly winged insects in enhancing biodiversity. Krishna Peacock ( Papilio krishna), Indian Jezebel or Common Jezebel ( Delias eucharis), Orange Oakleaf ( Kallima inachus), Five-bar Swordtail ( Graphium antiphates), Indian Nawab, Yellow Gorgon and Northern Junglequeen ( Stichophthalma camadeva) are the contenders for the premier position.

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