What is a National Court of Appeal?
The National Court of Appeal with regional benches in Chennai, Mumbai and Kolkata is meant to act as final court of justice in dealing with appeals from the decisions of the High Courts and tribunals within their region in civil, criminal, labour and revenue matters. In such a scenario, a much-relieved Supreme Court of India situated in Delhi would only hear matters of constitutional law and public law.
However, the Centre has rejected this idea. It cites three grounds for rejecting the idea —
National Court of Appeal | Why this is a good idea?
National Court of Appeal | Why this is not a good idea?
What else can be done?
Efforts should be to strengthen subordinate judiciary (high courts) so that proper justice can be dispensed with.
National Court of Appeal | Conclusion:
A National Court of Appeal is being advocated as an intermediate forum between the Supreme Court and the various high courts of India. But a better solution to ease the higher judiciary’s burden may lie in strengthening that of the lower. Before adverting to a new layer, the conception of which may be difficult to achieve, we need to strategise and reconfigure our existing judicial hierarchy to the rising challenges before us. The only way to do it is to revitalise our High Courts and restore them to their pinnacle.
Sahayak 2017 Pre + Mains Test Series