Editorial Simplified : 05th day of May 2016
This Series of posts covers the essential Editorial from prominent newspapers. The Editorial from the newspapers are compiled by the Subject Teachers form the Academy and provided in notes format so that the aspirants does not waste their precious time in sifting through the newspapers.
The aspirants are advised to bookmark this page for future reference
Click on the tab below to read the Editorial Simplified for each newspaper
[accordion_content accordion_label=”Indian Express”]
Editorial : National insecurity
Issues With The Security Establishments In India
WHY IN NEWS ?
In the aftermath of Pathankot attack ; Parliament’s Standing Committee on Home Affairs has lamented in its latest report that Something is seriously wrong with our counter-terror security establishment.
ISSUES WITH PATHANKOT ATTACK?
How the border was so easily penetrated, and why the base’s perimeter was so poorly guarded
WHAT ARE THE SOLUTIONS to SUCH ISSUES?
- More effective police action against cross-border trafficking, to “effectively seal the border” .
- Better intelligence and operational coordination.
ISSUES WITH THE IMPLEMENTATION:
The resources that can resolve these issues are not adequate; neither quatitaively nor qualitatively.
FOR EXAMPLE ( PRESENT SCENARIO IN PUNJAB)
- Punjab Police patrol vehicles operate for just a few hours a day because of chronic budget shortfalls .
- BSF is desperately short of officer-rank personnel.
- IB and R&AW are over a third short of staff allocations.
- Training standards are being diluted, and specialist skills are in short supply.
SUCH ISSUES IN THE PAST
- Disgraceful early conduct of the Kargil War by top military commanders, was never punished.
- No serious audit of the failings of the Mumbai Police and NSG during 26/11, nor a lessons-learned exercise.
- In the case of Pathankot, HM has been spending more energy on explaining to the nation how forces spent over 24 hours firing on a building from which not the smallest trace of weapons or explosives has since been recovered rather than concentrationg on strengthening our security infrastructure.
- Parliament still isn’t demanding accountability from the concerned stakeholders.
- Accountability can’t be demanded unless security forces do not have complete autonomy regarding any of these issues
Security forces should be given functional autonomy, and credible resources to go with it.
Editorial : Listen carefully
Analysing the cancellation of the sale of F-16 fighter jets to Pakistan.
WHAT IS THE NEWS?
Pakistani Air Force will not be receiving eight new-generation F-16 combat jets for next to free.
US President Barack Obama’s administration had announced, in February, that it had approved the sale to Pakistan of up to eight F-16 fighter jets in a deal valued at $699 million.
WHO WAS PAYING FOR THE JETS?
The jets were to be largely paid for with US military aid .
WHY THE DEAL WAS CHANGED?
It was due to the AMALGAMATION OF THE FOLLOWING ISSUES:
- Congress concerned that the aircraft would be used for fighting India, not terrorists, has compelled the administration to roll back its plans.
- Congress voiced concern at Pakistan’s failure to deliver Taliban insurgents operating from its territory against Afghanistan.
- Indian Express reported that secret training camps used by the Jaish-e-Muhammad to stage attacks against India had been quietly relocated, with no action against cadre or commanders.
- Pursuit of the policies of “nuclear weapons, and proxy war through jihadists” post cold war, has engendered great dysfunctions in Pakistan’s policy and political life.
- Pakistan’s state sponsorship of jihad .
- Islamabad is using force against the Taliban’s leadership.
WHAT DOES PAK THINK OVER THE ISSUE?
Pakistan thinks that China will step in as an alternate superpower patron for the country.
WHAT IS PAKISTAN MISSING IN THE ISSUE?
China does have tactical interests in Pakistan (eg. China Pakistan Economic Corridoor), but no interest in Pakistan’s agenda to dominate its adjoining regions (eg. Kashmir issue).
It is time for the Pakistani generals to listen up and transform their strategies in the all concerned paradigms in their country.
[accordion_content accordion_label=”The Hindu”]
Editorial : Bitter medicine for the Centre
The Supreme Court has recently set up a three member committee headed by former Chief Justice R.M. Lodha to perform the statutory functions of Medical Council of India (MCI). The editorial goes through the reason for the appointment
- There was no effective resolution from the government regarding corruption afflicted MCI.
- The Supreme thus made a necessary intervention by setting up the three member committee.
- The government now has an year to restructure MCI.
- The most important issue is regarding the very high costs of Medical Education
- The doctor-population ratio is 1 per 1674 persons, which according to WHO should be 1 to 1000.
- Needless conditions to start colleges such as possession of vast extent of land.
- Asymmetry between undergraduate and the much lesser postgraduate seats.
- The issue of a common entrance examination.
- Concentration of Medical facilities in a few regions.
- Instead of keeping possession of land as a necessary condition for opening colleges, the primary criterion should only be availability of quality medical facilities for education.
- The Lodha committee can rectify the undergraduate and post graduate asymmetry through not-for-profit initiatives.
- A reform agenda must also include an admission procedure that eliminates multiplicity of entrance exams.
- Appointing prominent persons to restructured MCI would enhance transparency and reduce corruption.
Editorial : NOTA on my ballot
“None of the above” NOTA option is going to be introduced in Assembly elections this time. The editorial traces the history and usage of NOTA.
Facts about the NOTA option
- The last option on Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) now carries a big fat cross mark to denote NOTA. This was designed by Ahmedabad’s National Institute of Design.
- The voter with NOTA got back the method of registering discontent which was lost with EVM. Earlier during paper ballot voter could deface the ballot to register protest via invalid vote. This option was taken away when EVM’s were introduced.
- The Supreme court in its landmark judgment in 2013 held that even a high NOTA will not invalidate elections and the highest polling candidate would be declared elected.
USAGE OF NOTA
- NOTA votes have generally remained around 1% of total votes cast.
- However NOTA votes have been higher in reserved constituencies.
Analysis of NOTA
- The NOTA option has given the voter a tool to clarify discontent
- Higher NOTA in reserved constituencies shows prevalence of social prejudice.
- For most candidates NOTA remains a category of votes they need to cash in and convert to their own.
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