Editorial Simplified : 06th May

Editorial Simplified : 06th day of May 2016

This Series of posts covers the essential Editorial from prominent newspapers. The Editorial from the newspapers are compiled by the Subject Teachers form the Academy and provided in notes format so that the aspirants does not waste their precious time in sifting through the newspapers. 

The aspirants are advised to bookmark this page for future reference 

Click on the tab below to read the Editorial Simplified for each newspaper

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Indian Express”]

Editorial : Just prescription

WHAT IS THE NEWS?

SC has made a 3- member committee headed by former CJ RM Lodha  to restore to a state of health the Medical Council of India (MCI) .

WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF MCI?

It is the regulator of medical education and practice in India.

ISSUES TO BE ADDRESSED?

  • Accumulated inefficiencies and allegations of corruption by the instituiton.
  • Use of expensive inducements by Pharma companies to influence doctors
  • Prescribing expensive tests before examining patients patient.
  • Shortfalls in medical ethics.
  • Lack of facilities in the system.
  • Imposing arbitrary costs and sometimes arbitrary outcomes on patients.
  • Doctors’ reluctance to take rural postings
  • Entry of private capital .
  • Correct an imbalance between the volume of MBBS and postgraduate seats.
  • Prevent the system of education from degenerating into a mere certification protocol.

WAY FORWARD

Restructured MCI will have to respect the principles of medicine rather than those of accounting, and serve the public good first and the profit motive afterwards.


Editorial : Bitter sweet

CONTEXT

Over-regulation by government once again ensures that injustice is done to UP’s sugarcane farmers.

WHAT IS THE NEWS

Against the promised payment of Rs 17,972 crore, at the state advised price (SAP) of Rs 280 per quintal, UP’s sugarcane farmers received just Rs 11,268 crore from the UP mills.

WHAT SHOULD THE GOVT DO?

Enforcethe payment of dues to the farmers by the mills.

WHAT HAS THE GOVT DONE?

  • Rather than enforcing the payments to the farmers by the mills , the efforts of both the state as well as the Central governments have focused on keeping the sugar prices low by :
    • Arbitrary imposition of price ceilings
    • Curbs on stockholding.

WHAT IS THE OUTCOME?

  • Direct Outcome: Sugar prices have gone up by 25 per cent over the past six months.
  • Indirect Outcome: Reduction in the incentive and the capacity of farmers to produce sugarcane in future.

WHY SHOULD SUGARCANE BE TREATED DIFFERENTLY FROM ALL OTHER CROPS?

  • One, unlike wheat or paddy, which can be stored for long after harvesting, sugarcane must be crushed within 24 hours because the sucrose content depletes rapidly post harvest.
  • Second aspect is the length of the crop cycle. A sugarcane cropping decision binds a farmer for 20-22 months at a stretch, unlike wheat where the cycle from sowing to reaping lasts just about three-four months.

WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?

Both these factors imply that a sugarcane farmer is even more in need of certainty of prices than an average farmer.

WAY FORWARD

The state government should allow millers to enter into a contract with farmers under the conditions of a free market, and restrict itself to ensuring the enforcement of such contracts.
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[accordion_content accordion_label=”The Hindu”]

Editorial : Back home to Italy?

Context

Two Italian marines were detained in India for killing two Indian fishermen in 2012. While one of them had gone back to Italy earlier, recently an International Arbitration Tribunal has ruled the second one Sergeant Salvatore Girone can also go home. The editorial examines the situation.

Facts of the saga

  • Clarity on legal status of the case always eluded it.
  •  The dispute revolved around a major contention by Italy that whether India had jurisdiction to try the marines.
  • The Supreme Court held that the Centre had jurisdiction to try them hence the case was shifted to the National Investigation Agency.
  • Another cause of delay was the insistence of Indian side to apply anti-piracy law and Italians objecting to marines being designated as pirates.
  • The order of the International tribunal allowing Salvatore the second of two mariners to return is a set back for India’s attempts at bringing justice.
  •  However the Tribunal has included safeguards in its order to ensure the marine returns to India to face trial if the tribunal decides India has jurisdiction to try him.

Analysis

  • An unfortunate impression has been created that India’s judicial system is under equipped to handle such cases.
  • The process should have been clear and certain from the beginning.
  • India and Italy should now cooperate and let the case be settled on purely legal grounds so that justice can be done.

Editorial : Perverse consumer protection

Context
Recently the global oil prices have gone down by about 65% in about two years but the prices at pumps in India have not reduced accordingly. The editorial looks for the reasons and analyses them.
Important points

  • High imposition of Central and state duties and taxes has prevented retail fuel prices from moving in tandem with international prices.
  •  The National Democratic Alliance government in 2002 under Atal Bihari Vajpayee had ended the Administered Pricing Mechanism and deregulated the oil pricing.
  • The reason given in 2002 was that the ultimate benefit of deregulation would accrue to the consumer.
  • However the successive governments since have been seen to be struggling with balancing subsidies on LPG etc and protection from volatility of oil prices.
  • The fall in oil prices has led to windfall increase in the revenue of the government.
  • Direct Benefit transfer and the voluntary giving up of LPG subsidy scheme has also helped in creating fiscal elbow room.

Analysis

  • The Center’s position that easing headline inflation reflects passing of lower oil prices is not entirely true. Even the food inflation has not slowed considerably.
  • Transport costs are a significant factor in food prices and lower diesel prices can go a long way in containing food price.
  • The government’s paternalistic argument that not passing soft prices of oil is a service to consumers does not bear scrutiny.

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