Editorial Simplified : 16th day of May 2016
This Series of posts covers the essential Editorial from prominent newspapers. The Editorial from the newspapers are compiled by the Subject Teachers form the Academy and provided in notes format so that the aspirants does not waste their precious time in sifting through the newspapers.
The aspirants are advised to bookmark this page for future reference
Click on the tab below to read the Editorial Simplified for each newspaper
[accordion_content accordion_label=”Business Standard”]
Editorial : A drought solution
Water harvesting needs attention, not just irrigation
WHAT IS THE NEWS?
- Demands recently submitted by CM’s of drought-hit states to PM Narendra Modi, seeks liberal assistance for the states’ drought relief efforts.
WHAT IS THE BASIC FOCUS OF DEMANDS?
- Managing the immediate crisis.
- Few states sought aid for medium and long-term drought mitigation & adaptation measures
WHAT SHOULD BE THE ACTUAL FOCUS?
- Need for CONSTANT PREPAREDNESS to face droughts is of paramount significance.
WHAT IS THE NEED OF THE HOUR?
- Well-judged situation-specific strategies to build up drought-resilience in vulnerable areas.
- Rainwater harvesting.
- Efficient conservation and judicious use of water .
- Revival, restoration and maintenance of existing water bodies, construction of new ones and removal of silt from water channels .
- Creation of check dams .
- Expansion of irrigation .
- Underground storage in hot and arid zones.
ISSUES TO BE LOOKED INTO?
- Even after harnessing all available resources of water, nearly 40 per cent of the country’s total area will remain critically rain-dependent.
- At present, the bulk of annual rainfall is allowed to run off, eroding precious soil in its wake.
- A watershed requires a large number of residents and agencies to cooperate – a difficult ask.
- It is, thus, time to appreciate the value of water conservation in coping with recurring droughts.
Editorial : Work in progress
Govt accomplishes much in two years, but more remains
WHAT IS THE NEWS?
The second anniversary of government at the Centre is approaching. But it was sworn in with such giant expectations following the unprecedented mandate that it received that some disappointment was perhaps inevitable.
WHAT WAS THE BASIC FOCUS OF THE GOVT?
Specific focus was to be economic – the resumption of a high growth path, and the creation of jobs.
WHAT HAS BEEN DONE TILL NOW?
- Steps have been taken to strengthen India’s institutional structure in the area of economic policy.
- Agreement on a monetary policy framework signed with the Reserve Bank of India is one such.
- Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code has been passed by Parliament .
- An agreement to amend India’s decades-old double tax avoidance treaty with Mauritius has been signed recently – which, although it focuses only on shares, may help allay some of the fears that the capital pouring in through the island nation was simply “round-tripped” black money.
- Other measures have also been taken, especially on foreign direct investment – some long-pending, such as in the insurance sector, and some newer focuses, such as in defence.
WHERE DOES THE GOVT LAG?
- Need to increase the flexibility of Indian factor markets.
- Labour and land laws remain largely unchanged .Centre seems to be relying more on states to bring about necessary changes in these laws.
- The biggest reform on the agenda shall be GST.
- Tax administration needs to be further reformed.
- Troubled public-sector banks have been provided a greater measure of operational independence, but formal government control has not been diluted.
- There have also been a series of unnecessary and ignominious roll-backs like the rollback of changes to the employee provident fund regulations.
- But a great deal of that is due to lower oil and commodity prices.
- Private investment is yet to recover and restore the economy to a high growth path.
Overall, the government’s economic record has been mixed, and a great deal remains to be done.
[accordion_content accordion_label=”Indian Express”]
Editorial : Buffer solution
Government should have the means to intervene in commodity markets, which isn’t the same as fixing prices.
WHAT IS THE NEWS?
- Sugar is selling at around Rs 40 a kg — a third more than its level at this time last year — and could rise further .
- This comes even as onion is today retailing at about Rs 15, with farm gate prices in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh falling to Rs 5 per kg and below.
WHAT IS THE PROBLEM?
- Absence of proper market intelligence with the government
- No specific mechanism for intervention to check extreme price fluctuations .
- Too much of stocks of wheat and rice with government agencies — while practically non-existent in pulses, sugar, onions, potatoes or milk powder.
WHAT WAS THE GOVT DOING TILL NOW?
- In the case of sugar, the Centre till early this year was actually forcing mills to export at prices below domestic market realisations.
- Stock-holding limits on traders have been imposed and one could expect more controls to follow in the days ahead.
- Creation of buffer stock in commodities having a significant bearing on food inflation.
- Govt should certainly have flexibility for intervention for dealing with excessive price volatility in essential commodities.
[accordion_content accordion_label=”The Hindu”]
Editorial : Left, Right, Left?
This editorial deals with situation in Kerala in regards to the upcoming Assembly elections in the state.
- Traditionally power in the Kerala Assembly has been alternatively enjoyed by the two dominant political groups- the Congress led United Democratic Front (UDF) and Communist party of India (M) led Left Democratic Front (LDF).
- The Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) had earlier voted against the left.
- In the upcoming elections, the BJP has scaled up a significant presence, which is likely to divert the Hindu vote away from Congress.
- The UDF and LDF dominance in Kerala had been achieved by accommodating smaller parties in the fold. But the emerging third player BJP is a different politi force and probably will not assimilate with any of the two blocks. Kerala thus might visit a slow political churning that could unsettle two dominant fronts with long term consequences.
- The LDF and UDF have also some internal issues to deal with, eg the corruption allegations against the ruling UDF.Analysis
According to the editor this is an important election for the Congress which is looking for a significant victory after the 2014 Lok Sabha debacle and also for the left-front which has lost power in its strong-hold West Bengal. The vote of BJP supporters will determine whether there would be any change in the revolving door pattern of one front yielding power to another after every five years.
Editorial : A new strongman in the Philippines
The editorial deals with the election of a new President in the Philippines Mr. Rodrigo Duterte.
Issues the new president has to tackle
- The growth in the country’s economy has not trickled down as almost 26% of people are below the national poverty line.
- There is a sort of oligarchy in Philippines with only a few dynasties ruling again and again.
- Mr Duterte who with his strong man image was made from a mayor of city to President lacks experience in national politics.
- Philippine is in middle of a stand-off against mighty China in regards to South China sea.
The President would now need to adopt a conciliatory approach to buy peace with his political rivals and also pursue an inclusive growth centric approach If he has to succeed in his endeavors.
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