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This is the last Part of the series on Indian Foreign Policy – Mid Term Review
Indian Foreign Policy | India’s Neighbourhood Policy
PM Modi made an extra effort to improve the relationship with the neighbours taking into account the general perception that India is not good in dealing with its neighbours and it shows the ‘big-brother attitude’ to all of its neighbours in the region. PM Modi tried to win them over, tie them into our economy and build greater influence in the region based on mutual trust and cooperation. But the external powers have managed to penetrate the region with their economic influence which is not in sync with our desired objectives. Even if few new overtures were planned post-Modi coronation, the old projects are being materialised in the region with great vigour. India cannot interfere in the sovereignty of neighbours as it might breed mistrust for decades. Knowing this fact, few neighbours are trying to rebalance India’s growing stature with external powers like United States and China.
Indian Foreign Policy | Non Alignment Movement
Non-alignment Movement is dead yet we are engaging with them at appropriate times. India’s relationship with most of the developing countries are much broader and much bigger today than at the peak of the Non-Alignment Movement. India has its own custom made non alignment policy now as opposed to the NAM. India is now a member of G20, BRICS, SCO, IBSA and other institutions which are essential for India’s engagement with the non-western world. NAM is just a footnote in history which would wither away sooner than later.
Indian Foreign Policy | India’s Act East Policy under PM Modi
It is an extension of Look East Policy fabricated by former Prime Minister P V Narsimharao. The weakness of our Act East Policy is that our implementation is not good enough as evident from the past experiences of Chabahar, Afghanistan and big projects in Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. PM Modi has clarified that when he say Act East, he looks up till the Western shores of the United States. In context of this region, PM Modi has made significant progress ranging from Australia to the littoral nations of the Pacific, Japan and other ASEAN countries in particular.