Aadhar project has been superb in restricting dispersal of benefits to the target audience. It has generated several debates about its usage and concerns attached to it. But the ground reality may be different from the fictional stories that circle around social media and political rallies.
A report on Aadhar –
A study conducted by IDinsight makes a very nuanced analysis of Aadhar using empirical data and observations made through the ground.
- Firstly, it shows that Aadhar enrolment has almost reached the saturation point but there is no systematic bias in the enrolment process that may go against the poor or socially less privileged.
- Secondly, Aadhar has been used as a primary form of identify with more than 9 out of 10 respondents using it for the purpose of establishing their identity.
- Thirdly, contrary to the popular belief, the economically less privileged are concerned about the privacy fears attached to Aadhar. The respondents have raised the queries regarding the use of their personal information such as biometric data by the government.
- Fourth, there has been an overwhelming support amongst the masses (about 9 out of 10 respondents) regarding the mandatory linking of Aadhar for using of essential services.
- Last but not the least, the failure of biometric authentication is not the primary reason for exclusion of beneficiaries from the Public Distribution System. Less than 1 percent of people were denied access to PDS because of Aadhar in Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal while the same was a little higher in Rajasthan with 2.2 percent. The primary reason for exclusion of PDS benefit was non-availability of ration food due to the shop being closed or insufficient stocks with the vendor.
There have been certain fallouts such as the requirement of physical presence of people to obtain the benefits of Aadhar which becomes difficult for the disabled and elderly. Probably, delivery of ration food should be explored as an option for this section of population.
A lot more needs to be explored before dumping a billion rupees project like Aadhar into the bin. It remains to be seen in the coming days, how the Supreme Court will react to the multiple sides of the debate that circle around the Aadhar project.
Source – Livemint
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