The Chief Justice of India may have cleared the air on India’s courts using artificial intelligence (AI) in their decision-making process, but some concerns remain.
What did the CJI say?
- In a measured gesture, CJI SA Bobde clarified a statement said that using technologies such as AI could help deliver justice swiftly.
- The CJI had also said that such technologies would help streamline hearing of cases while enabling better court management.
- The statement made many experts raise concerns over the potential abuse of AI in the judicial decision-making processes.
- Bringing AI into judicial matters is a problem because it involves, among other things, the use of Big Data, which, as data scientists and rights activists have pointed out, reflect dark human biases.
- Using large amounts of historical data to assess what is right and wrong according to the law may seem interesting, but as a recent paper — The AI is now in session: The impact of digitalisation on courts — by a team of Hungarian law experts showed, beyond the obvious ethical issues (such as human biases creeping into AI and resultant discrimination), there are economic issues also to be considered.
If legal systems rush headlong into AI, it may not only end up sending the wrong people to jail, but also do so at a pace that’s dangerous and cannot be easily corrected. Machines, as things stand, now cannot exercise creative liberty while making decisions, since they rely on the data fed.
Source – The Hindu Business Line
QUESTION – Discuss the ethical implications of inducting new technologies such as ‘Artificial Intelligence’ into the judicial machinery of the Indian State.