10th January – Prelims Booster

FDI in Coal Mining

The Union Cabinet has approved an ordinance to amend two laws to ease mining rules, enabling foreign direct investment (FDI) in coal mining.

Details –

  • The ordinance to amend the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957, and Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 has been approved.
  • The “end-use restrictions” had been done away with, allowing “anyone to participate in the auction of coal blocks”. The ordinance would strengthen the auction process of mines whose leases are expiring on March 31, 2020.

Significance –

  • It would boost the ease of doing business and increase growth avenues for coal mining.
  • Coal India would be strengthened and the government is aiming to achieve production of 1 billion tonnes of coal by 2023-2024.
  • It is also expected that the successful strategic buyer may bring in new management/technology/ investment for the growth of the company and may use innovative methods for the development of the business operations of the company, which may generate more employment opportunities.

Re-grassing is mandatory after mining

The Supreme Court has ordered that mining lease holders should be held responsible for re-grassing mined areas, so that biodiversity gets a second chance in these scarred landscapes.

Details –

It has ordered the government to include re-grassing of mined areas as a mandatory condition in every mining lease, environmental clearance and mining plan across the country.

Why?

  • Environmental issues caused by mining include erosion, formation of sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, and contamination of soil, groundwater and surface water by chemicals from mining processes, and the effects persist for years.
  • An area which is mined results in complete elimination of grass, which in turn denies fodder to the herbivores. The only solution can be re-grassing of such mined areas.

Northeast Gas Grid

The Union Cabinet has approved a ₹5,559 crore viability gap funding for the proposed northeast gas grid.

About Northeast Gas Grid –

  • The 1,656-km North-East Natural Gas Pipeline Grid will connect Guwahati in Assam to major cities in the region such as Itanagar, Dimapur, Kohima, Imphal, Aizwal, Agartala, Shillong, Silchar, Gangtok, and Numaligarh.
  • The pipeline will enable the supply of piped cooking gas to households and CNG to automobiles, besides fuel to industry.
  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved “a viability gap funding of 60% of the project cost”.
  • The pipeline grid is to be implemented by the Indradhanush Gas Grid (a Joint Venture of IOCL, ONGC, GAIL, OIL and NRL).

Daily MCQs

1. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about Northeast Gas Grid? 1. It will connect Guwahati in Assam to major cities of Northeast India. 2. It will be implemented by Gas Authority of India Limited. 3. The Union Government is providing a viability gap funding of 90% of the project cost.

Correct! Wrong!

It will be implemented by the Indradhanush Gas Grid (a joint venture of IOCL, ONGC, GAIL, OIL and NRL). The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved “a viability gap funding of 60% of the project cost”.

2. Which of the following sector is not open for Foreign Direct Investment in India?

Correct! Wrong!

Coal Mining has been recently opened for FDI by amending the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957, and Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 through an ordinance. Multi-brand retail is prevented from foreign direct investment to prevent farmers’ and local manufacturers’ interests.

3. Which of the following statement(s) is are correct about Northeast Gas Grid? 1. The Northeast Gas Grid omits any city of Sikkim from the proposed gas pipeline. 2. The proposed gas pipeline will supply only the cooking gas to the residents of Northeast India.

Correct! Wrong!

Gangtok will be a part of the proposed gas pipeline. The pipeline will enable the supply of piped cooking gas to households and CNG to automobiles, besides fuel to industry.

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