6th February – Prelims Booster

Temple consecration

The four main streets around the palace and the roads leading to the Sri Brahadeeswarar Temple wore a festive look ahead of the consecration scheduled for the temple.

About Sri Brihadeeswara Temple –

  • The Brhadisvara Temple, a splendid example of Chola architecture was built by Emperor Rajaraja Chola (985-1012 A.D.).
  • The Brhadisvara temple is a monument dedicated to Siva, and he named lord as Rajarajesvaramudayar after himself.
  • The temple is constructed of granite, mostly of large blocks, a rock that is not available in the neighbourhood and had therefore to be brought from a distance.
  • Life-size iconographic representations on the wall niches and inner passage include Durga, Lakshmi, Sarasvati and Bhikshatana, Virabhadra Kalantaka, Natesa, Ardhanarisvara and Alingana forms of Siva.
  • The mural paintings on the walls of the lower ambulatory inside are finest examples of Chola and later periods.
  • Sarfoji, a local Maratha ruler, rebuilt the Ganapati shrine. The celebrated Thanjavur school of paintings of the Nayakas are largely superimposed over the Chola murals.

About Thanjavur Paintings –

  • Thanjavur or Tanjore paintings is famous for the style of decorative paintings.
  • They are unique because of the use of brilliant colour patterns and the liberal use of gold leaf.
  • They used many types of gemstones and cut glasses for embellishments to create larger than life images.
  • Most of the paintings depicted smiling Krishna in various poses and various major events in life.
  • The Maratha rulers patronised them during the 18th century. They reached zenith under the patronage of Sarfoji Maharaj who was a great patron of arts.

What is Tirumurai?

From the fifth to the ninth centuries many great Shaiva saints like Sambandar Appar and Sundarar flourished in South India whose hymns constitute a magnificently rich devotional literature. The collection of these hymns is called Tirumurai.

7 in 100 anganwadi beneficiaries in cities

For every 100 anganwadi beneficiaries in the country, only seven are in urban areas, according to the government’s response to a Right to Information (RTI) query.

About Anganwadis –

  • Anganwadis or day-care centres are set up under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) by the Women and Child Development Ministry to provide a package of six services.
  • The services include supplementary nutrition; pre-school non-formal education; immunisation, nutrition and health education; as well as referral services.
  • The aim of the scheme is to reduce infant mortality and child malnutrition.
  • Beneficiaries include children in the age group of six months to six years, and pregnant women and lactating mothers.

About RTI –

  • Article 19(1) of the Indian Constitution specifies that the Right to Information (RTI)  is a part of the fundamental rights. It says that every citizen has freedom of speech and expression.
  • In 1976, in the Raj Narain vs the State of Uttar Pradesh, it was held by the Supreme Court that people cannot speak unless they know. Hence the Right to Information is embedded in Article 19.
  • It was also said in the same case that the in the Indian democracy, people are the masters which give them the right to know about the functioning of the government. RTI Act provides machinery for exercising this fundamental right.
  • As per the RTI Act 2005, every citizen has the right to receive a timely response from the government for any information that is sought by them with respect to the functioning of the government.

The basic objective of RTI is –

  • Empowerment of the citizens;
  • Promotion of transparency and accountability in the functioning of the government;
  • Prevention and elimination of corruption, and;
  • Making the democracy work FOR the people in its real sense.

Quality Council of India

The Quality Council of India (QCI) works for promotion of Quality Standards across various economic and social sectors such as manufacturing, education, health and environment.

About QCI –

  • The QCI has been established as a National body for Accreditation on recommendation of Expert Mission of EU after consultation in Inter-Ministerial Task Force, Committee of Secretaries and Group of Ministers through a Cabinet decision in 1996.
  • Accordingly, the QCI was set up through a PPP model as an independent autonomous organisation with the support of Government of India and the Indian Industry represented by the three premier industry associations, (i) Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), (ii) Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and (iii) Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).
  • Chairman of QCI is appointed by the Prime Minister on recommendation of the industry to the government.
  • The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (now Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade), Ministry of Commerce & Industry, is the nodal ministry for QCI.

Structure –

The QCI is the umbrella organisation of five boards –

  • NABL – National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories;
  • NABH – National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare;
  • NABET – National Accreditation Board for Education and Training;
  • NABCB – National Accreditation Board for Certification Bodies; and
  • NBQP – National Board for Quality Promotion.

Prelims facts –

In 2018, Ministry of Defence, Department of Defence Production has launched a programme ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti (MRGS)’ to promote self-reliance and have an enabling framework for creation of Intellectual Property (IP) and management of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) in Indian Defence sector. 

Daily MCQs

1. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct? 1. Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti aims to promote self-reliance in defence production and IPR management in the defence sector. 2. It works under the overall aegis of Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

Correct! Wrong!

In 2018, Ministry of Defence, Department of Defence Production has launched a programme ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti (MRGS)’ to promote self-reliance and have an enabling framework for creation of Intellectual Property (IP) and management of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) in Indian Defence sector. 

2. Raj Narain v/s State of Uttar Pradesh (1976) case can be associated with -

Correct! Wrong!

In 1976, in the Raj Narain vs the State of Uttar Pradesh, it was held by the Supreme Court that people cannot speak unless they know. Hence the Right to Information is embedded in Article 19.

3. Which of the followings statement(s) is/are correct? 1. Anganwadis or day-care centres are set up under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) by the Women and Child Development Ministry. 2. Beneficiaries include children in the age group of six months to one year, and pregnant women and lactating mothers.

Correct! Wrong!

Anganwadis or day-care centres are set up under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) by the Women and Child Development Ministry to provide a package of six services. The services include supplementary nutrition; pre-school non-formal education; immunisation, nutrition and health education; as well as referral services. The aim of the scheme is to reduce infant mortality and child malnutrition. Beneficiaries include children in the age group of six months to six years, and pregnant women and lactating mothers.

4. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about the Quality Council of India? 1. The QCI was set up through a PPP model as an independent autonomous organisation with the support of Government of India and the Indian Industry. 2. The Chairman of the QCI is appointed by the Minister of Commerce on recommendation of the industry to the government. 3. Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade), Ministry of Commerce & Industry, is the nodal ministry for QCI.

Correct! Wrong!

The QCI has been established as a National body for Accreditation on recommendation of Expert Mission of EU after consultation in Inter-Ministerial Task Force, Committee of Secretaries and Group of Ministers through a Cabinet decision in 1996. Accordingly, the QCI was set up through a PPP model as an independent autonomous organisation with the support of Government of India and the Indian Industry represented by the three premier industry associations, (i) Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), (ii) Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and (iii) Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI). Chairman of QCI is appointed by the Prime Minister on recommendation of the industry to the government. The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (now Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade), Ministry of Commerce & Industry, is the nodal ministry for QCI.

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