GS Paper 1

Population

25th March – Population

Rising population – Disastrous dividend India is set to become the most populous nation in 2027, surpassing China, according to an estimation by the United Nation’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs.  Details – India’s population has been growing at a much faster rate than China’s, with the poorer regions contributing the most to that …

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Higher Education Institutes

18th March – Women in Science

Closing the gender gap in science India celebrates National Science Day on February 28 every year to mark C.V. Raman’s discovery of the scattering of light. This year, the theme was Women in Science. A progressive trend – Compared to the pre-Independence days, one encouraging fact is that there is an exponential growth in the …

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Adivasis

10th March – Adivasis

Having an ear to Adivasi ground The uncertainty of Adivasi life has a strong connection with the ‘mainstream’ view about them. In popular discourse, the socio-economic disadvantages of the Adivasis as compared with the rest of the population are often seen through a lens of benevolence. A singular view – The views about the ‘underdevelopment’ …

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19th February – Permanent Commission for women in Army

The Supreme Court has brought women officers in 10 streams of the Army on par with their male counterparts in all respects, setting aside longstanding objections of the government. Context – The case was first filed in the Delhi High Court by women officers in 2003, and had received a favourable order in 2010. But …

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8th February – Medaram Sammakka-Sarakka/Saralamma Jatara

News – The four-day ‘Sammakka – Saralamma Jatara’ at Medaram in Telangana has begun. Considered the biggest tribal festival across South Asia, the Jatara witnesses a huge number of devotees thronging the village to take the blessings of Goddess Sammaka-Saralamma. Medaram is a remote place in the Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of Dandakaranya, the …

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9th January – How Britain got ahead of us in economic development?

Context – In the 18th century, Indian cotton dominated the world. In terms of exchange, Indian craftspersons were paid in such volumes of silver that between 1600 and 1800, India accumulated approximately a fifth of the world’s total silver production. Despite India’s clear dominance over global trade, by the 1850s, Western Europe, seemingly out of …

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8th January – Tulu Language

According to the 2001 Census, India has 30 languages that are spoken by more than a million people each. Additionally, it has 122 languages that are spoken by at least 10,000 people each. It also has 1,599 languages, most of which are dialects. Constitutional provisions – Article 29 of the Constitution provides that a section …

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7th January – State of the Forest Report

India’s forest cover has increased by 3,976 sq km or 0.56% since 2017. For the second successive time since 2007, the biennial State of Forest Report (SFR) recorded a gain — an impressive 1,275 sq km — in dense forest (including Very Dense Forest with a canopy density of over 70%, and Moderately Dense Forest …

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2nd January – Why is it so cold this year?

This winter, in many parts of the region, maximum temperatures on some days have been nearly 10°C below normal. What is a ‘cold day’? A cold-day condition is said to prevail when the maximum temperature during the day is at least 4.5°C below normal. If the maximum temperature is at least 6.5°C below normal, it …

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25th December – Periyar (Person in News)

In Tamil Nadu, Vaikom is an image of Periyar E.V. Ramasamy (September 17, 1879-December 24, 1973). Vaikom is a metaphor for social justice — when scores of satyagrahis from the Tamil country joined hands with their brethren in a heroic struggle. Leadership – In Travancore, the Satyagraha in 1924 against the injustice meted out against …

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