GS Paper 2


2nd June – Line of Actual Control

A phantom called the ‘Line of Actual Control’ (LAC) At the heart of India’s and China’s continued inability to make meaningful progress on the boundary issue (LAC) are four agreements — signed in September 1993, November 1996, April 2005 and October 2013 — between the two countries. Ironically, India and China keep referring to these …

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India-Nepal relations

1st June – India-Nepal relations

For a reset in India-Nepal relations Once again, the India-Nepal relations have taken a turn for the worse. The immediate provocation is the long-standing territorial issue surrounding Kalapani, a patch of land near the India-Nepal border, close to the Lipulekh Pass on the India-China border, which is one of the approved points for border trade …

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29th May – Migration in India (Gandhian view)

The echo of migrant footfalls and the silence of policy In December 2019, an economist provided figures on migration, based on the 2011 national census, showing that the number of internal migrants had grown by another 100 million. Or that a third of India’s population — one in every three Indians — are migrants. Most …

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Self-reliant India

28th May – How India can become self-reliant?

How India can become self-reliant? Addressing the nation on the COVID-19 pandemic, Prime Minister Narendra Modi emphasised the necessity of a self-reliant India. A missed opportunity – Self-reliance in state-run heavy industries and strategic sectors in the decades following independence had placed India ahead of most developing countries. In the 1970s and 80s, however, India …

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Aatmnirbhar Bharat Fiscal Package

27th May – Aatmnirbhar Fiscal Stimulus Package

A well-balanced fiscal stimulus package Cognisant of its constraints and compulsions, the government of India has adopted a twin mantra for shaping its stimulus package, rolled out in five phases plus one earlier phase. Objective of the fiscal package- The first strand has been to first ensure that the human cost of the COVID-19 crisis …

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India-China border disputes

26th May – India-China border disputes

India-China border disputes The India-China border has been witnessing tensions over the past month, with incidents reported in at least four different locations along the Line of Actual Control (LAC). The incidents range from Naku La in Sikkim to Ladakh, in the Galwan valley and in Demchok, have reportedly been escalated with a buildup of …

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25th May – India-Nepal Boundary Dispute

India-Nepal boundary dispute The inauguration of a road from Dharchula to Lipu Lekh (China border) by India’s Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has now been followed by Nepal’s charge claiming that the stretch passes through Nepalese territory. It has revived an age old India-Nepal boundary dispute. What is the issue? Nepal deployed its armed police at …

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Non-Aligned Movement

18th May – Non-Aligned Movement

The idea of Non-Aligned Movement The idea of Non-Alignment in the international discourse is often being scoffed as anachronistic and archaic especially in the 21st century political milieu where brute power plays out at will. Multilateralism and its notional institutions either need renewal, reorientation or resuscitation. Let us see how the Non-Aligned Movement plays out …

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Gender Equality

16th May – Gender Equality

Gender Rights : Reflection, Commitment and Action Constitution ensures protection against discrimination on the basis of gender through Article 14, 15(1) and 16(2). Article 39(a), 39(c) and 42 of the Directive Principles of State Policy provided in Part-IV guides that India’s governance shall ensure gender equality in law and policy. Article 51A(e) imposes fundamental duty …

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