GS Paper 2

Judicial Transparency

13th March – Judicial Transparency

Ruling against judicial transparency In its recent decision, in the Chief Information Commissioner v. High Court of Gujarat case, the Supreme Court, regrettably, barred citizens from securing access to court records under the Right to Information (RTI) Act. Instead, the court held that such records can be accessed only through the rules laid down by …

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12th March – India at UNSC

At the UNSC, a three-point agenda India’s singular objective as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in 2021-22 should be to help build a stable and secure external environment. In doing so, India will promote its own people’s prosperity, regional and global security and growth, and a rule-based world order. It …

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11th March – AB-PMJAY

A health scheme sans clout Mainstreaming transformative technologies in the healthcare ecosystem and boosting innovation in delivery are a major focus under the Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) — with the three intentions of containing costs, improving care quality, and bridging existing gaps in service provision. Health expenditure – A 15th Finance Commission …

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US-Taliban peace deal

9th March – US-Taliban peace deal

US-Taliban peace deal After 18 months of negotiations, the US-Taliban signed the troop withdrawal deal (US-Taliban peace deal) in Doha on February 29 in the presence of representatives from 30 countries and international organisations, signalling the end of the 18-year old war in the country. Details – The troop withdrawal agreement was signed by the …

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Blue Dot

7th March – Blue Dot Mechanism

Blue Dot Mechanism During the recently concluded India visit of US President Donald J. Trump, a key issue that featured in the discussions between him and Prime Minister Narendra Modi was that of the “Blue Dot” Network. Background – Launched in November 2019 at the Indo-Pacific Business Forum in Bangkok, by Japan, Australia, and the …

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Independence of tribunals

3rd March – Independence of Tribunals

Independence of Tribunals In November 2019, a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court, in Rojer Mathew, declared the Tribunal, Appellate Tribunal and other Authorities (Qualification, Experience and other Conditions of Service of Members) Rules, 2017 as unconstitutional for being violative of principles of independency of the judiciary. The insertion of non-judicial members in such tribunals …

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28th February – Central Consumer Protection Authority

Union Ministry of Consumer Affairs has announced that a Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) will be established by the first week of April. Consumer Protection Act, 2019 – The Act replaced The Consumer Protection Act, 1986, and seeks to widen its scope in addressing consumer concerns. The new Act recognises offences such as providing false …

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27th February – Ways to measure poverty

What is poverty? Poverty can be defined as a condition in which an individual or household lacks the financial resources to afford a basic minimum standard of living. Economists and policymakers estimate “absolute” poverty as the shortfall in consumption expenditure from a threshold called the “poverty line”. The official poverty line is the expenditure incurred …

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25th February – Demographic Dividend

India’s population is among the youngest in an ageing world. By 2022, the median age in India will be 28 years; in comparison, it will be 37 in China and the United States, 45 in western Europe, and 49 in Japan. A demographic dividend, said to have commenced around 2004-05, is available for close to …

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