GS Paper 2

4th January – Minimising the housing divide

Notwithstanding growing disparities of material status in India, there is a framework to mitigate the country’s socioeconomic problems and create a common development platform for rural and urban areas. This is called the Provision of Urban Amenities to Rural Areas (PURA). The realisation of PURA’s transformative potential depends on public policies that recognise that its …

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3rd January – FASTags

In line with the government’s digitisation push, the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has made FASTags mandatory from 15 January for vehicles using national highways. What is FASTag? It is an electronic toll collection system in India, operated by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI). It employs Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology for …

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1st January 2020 – Electricity key to nation’s development

Modern energy access, particularly to electricity, is crucial to a country’s development journey. In fact, surviving without electricity in our modern lives is incomprehensible as lighting, water, sanitation, entertainment, education, healthcare, mobile charging. And with the future of mobility moving towards electricity makes it ubiquitous. Sustainable Development Goals – The Sustainable Development Goals were set …

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28th December – Explained – NRC and NPR

NRC What is National Register for Citizens? The register is meant to be a list of Indian citizens living in Assam. For decades, the presence of migrants, often called “bahiragat” or outsiders, has been a loaded issue there. Assam saw waves of migration, first as a colonial province and then as a border state in …

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26th December – Pradhan Mantri Ujjawala Yojana

The much hyped Pradhan Mantri Ujjawala Yojana was launched in May 2016. It promised to provide free cooking gas connections to 80 million poor families. Basic issue – Each BPL household would have to spend up to Rs.5,000 each year on LPG even at current subsidised prices — in addition to a one-time cost of …

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24th December – Right to internet

Just over a decade ago, the clamour for ‘right to internet’ began. The journey – Finland went a step further by famously legislating a right to broadband which meant a more reasonable universal service obligation requiring all telecommunication companies to provide all residents with a line of at least 1Mbps. In 2017, the Kerala government …

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20th December – Capital Punishment

Following the Supreme Court’s dismissal of review petitions by all four convicts in the Nirbhaya rape and murder case, the four have moved one step closer to the gallows. In the light of this, and the repeated demands to punish all rape convicts with the death penalty, it becomes important to examine empirical evidence on …

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19th December – Can AI comprehend justice?

The Chief Justice of India may have cleared the air on India’s courts using artificial intelligence (AI) in their decision-making process, but some concerns remain. What did the CJI say? In a measured gesture, CJI SA Bobde clarified a statement said that using technologies such as AI could help deliver justice swiftly. The CJI had …

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18th December – Reservation for Anglo Indians

The Union Cabinet recently approved a proposal to end the constitutional provisions that guarantee the reservation of two seats for the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha and in State Assemblies. Background – Frank Anthony made the case for special representation on behalf of the community following which Mahatma Gandhi agreed to his request for …

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17th December – New Industrial Code 2019

The new Industrial Relations Code, 2019 provides a clear definition of how fixed-term employment should be looked at hereon. Need for a new Code – For companies, the task of re-skilling and the costs incurred include primarily the cost of re-skilling, wages and lost productivity while the employee retrains. The proposed re-skilling fund will help …

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