GS Paper 3

Indian Defence Exports

3rd April – Indian Defence Exports

Still no bullseye, in volume and value The emergence of evidence of a rise in Indian defence exports, also accompanied by a decline in imports, is a welcome development though the reasons for both are not identical. Details – Based on the latest estimates released by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) in the …

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Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana

2nd April – Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana The Union government has announced a staggering ₹1.7 trillion package under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana to mitigate the brunt of the 21-day lockdown on 800 million people. It has in the process prioritised its economic strategy to be one about protecting the most vulnerable. Significance – By sheer …

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Water Management

31st March – Water management

Fighting coronavirus and saving water In the wake of the novel coronavirus outbreak, there is an urgent need to understand the importance of water management in India. What is the relationship between the two? According to WHO, Covid-19 is “not robust”-it’s less stable in the environment and more susceptible to oxidants such as chlorine. Conventional, …

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Quantum Technology

24th March – Quantum Technology

Picking up the quantum technology baton In the Budget 2020 speech, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman made a welcome announcement for Indian science — over the next five years she proposed spending ₹8,000 crore ($1.2 billion) on a National Mission on Quantum Technologies and Applications. This promises to catapult India into the midst of the second …

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SAMRUDHI

20th March – SAMRUDHI

SAMRUDHI – Odisha’s agricultural policy In January, the Odisha government released its Agriculture policy (SAMRUDHI), 2020, which focuses on profitability for farmers. Background – The first agriculture policy in Odisha was formulated in 1996, which conferred the status of industry to agriculture. Subsequent versions of agriculture policies were released in 2008 and 2013 with an …

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Facial Recognition Technology

19th March – Facial Recognition Technology

Coming to terms with biometrics in policing Ever since the police became a formal organisation nearly 150 years ago, there is a global consensus that the police charter ought not to be restricted to a mere maintenance of peace in public places. It should focus equally on crime prevention and detection. It is in the …

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Data Protection Bill

17th March – Data Protection Bill

Data Protection Bill is vague and intrusive The Personal Data Protection (PDP) Bill, 2019 introduces significant new requirements and challenges for legal and compliance functions. This entails changes to the ways in which technologies are designed and managed, including focus on search, storage and security of data.  A gamut of cautions – The PDP framework …

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Adivasis

10th March – Adivasis

Having an ear to Adivasi ground The uncertainty of Adivasi life has a strong connection with the ‘mainstream’ view about them. In popular discourse, the socio-economic disadvantages of the Adivasis as compared with the rest of the population are often seen through a lens of benevolence. A singular view – The views about the ‘underdevelopment’ …

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Cryptocurrency

6th March – Cryptocurrency

Figuring out risks posed by cryptocurrency On April 6, 2018, the RBI issued a prohibition on all dealings in cryptocurrency by regulated entities. Recently, the Supreme Court has annulled this circular of the RBI. How cryptocurrency is different from normal currency? The money we use (fiat currency) is a product of lending by institutions (commercial …

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