Agriculture

SAMRUDHI

20th March – SAMRUDHI

SAMRUDHI – Odisha’s agricultural policy In January, the Odisha government released its Agriculture policy (SAMRUDHI), 2020, which focuses on profitability for farmers. Background – The first agriculture policy in Odisha was formulated in 1996, which conferred the status of industry to agriculture. Subsequent versions of agriculture policies were released in 2008 and 2013 with an …

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Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

29th February – Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

The package of measures announced by the government to revamp its flagship crop insurance scheme, the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), may do more harm than good to this vital risk-hedging mechanism for farmers. Changes introduced – Allocation of business to Insurance Companies to be done for three years (Both PMFBY/RWBCIS). Flexibility to States/UTs …

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21st February – Pesticides Management Bill, 2020

The Pesticides Management Bill, 2020, approved by the Cabinet for introduction in Parliament, is unlikely to live up to the expectations of stakeholders in the agro-chemicals sector despite having been drafted after prolonged deliberations over 12 years, and inputs from the parliamentary standing committee. Need for legislation – The need for putting in place an …

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3rd February – Thinking beyond farm sops

The first half of the year 2019 saw the launch of a grand farm sop in the form of the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) with a record allocation of Rs 75,000 crores. Despite such populist schemes, the agriculture sector remains woeful. What must be done to bring it back on track? Let us …

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14th December – Not many lessons learnt from water planning failures

Following the massive water crisis across India in the summer of 2019, the Central government hurriedly launched the Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA), a time-bound, mission-mode water conservation campaign to be carried out in two phases, across the 255 districts having critical and over-exploited groundwater levels. It aims to make water conservation a ‘people’s movement’ through …

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10th December – Agri reform : From production to profitability

The idea of doubling farmers’ incomes by 2022, when the country completes 75 years of its independence, was shared by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in February 2016. Despite zealous efforts made by government agencies toward fulfilment of this goal, the state of farmers and agriculture has shown little or no improvement. We must look for …

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7th December – A potential seedbed for private profits

After passing through at least two versions, Seeds Bill 2019 is now under Parliament’s consideration. The earlier versions of the Bill, in 2004 and 2010, had generated heated debates. The present version promises to be no different. International Conventions – In 1994, India signed the agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). In …

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10th October – Rethinking water management issues

In December 2018, NITI Aayog released its ‘Strategy for New India @75’ which defined clear objectives for 2022-23, with an overview of 41 distinct areas. In this document, however, the strategy for ‘water resources’ is as insipid and unrealistic as the successive National Water Policies (NWP). Need – Effective strategic planning must satisfy three essential …

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ending poverty

16th April – Necessary steps to ending poverty

It is by now close to 50 years since Indira Gandhi brought the idea of eradicating poverty into the electoral arena in India. ‘Garibi Hatao’ had been her slogan. The role that income generation actually played in lowering poverty in India may be gauged from the facts that economic growth had surged in the 1980s, …

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