GS Paper 3

Genome India Project

2nd March – Genome India Project

If things proceed as planned, an ambitious project to understand India’s enormous genetic diversity will be launched later this year. Called the Genome India Project, it could have several phases, though the fate of the subsequent phases will depend on the first one that kick starts in October. The Department of Biotechnology will be the …

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Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

29th February – Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

The package of measures announced by the government to revamp its flagship crop insurance scheme, the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), may do more harm than good to this vital risk-hedging mechanism for farmers. Changes introduced – Allocation of business to Insurance Companies to be done for three years (Both PMFBY/RWBCIS). Flexibility to States/UTs …

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26th February – Data Localisation

Among the many important laws that were introduced in the winter session of the Lok Sabha was the Personal Data Protection (PDP) Bill, 2019. Introduction – The draft law is a comprehensive piece of legislation that seeks to give individuals greater control over how their personal data is collected, stored and used. Once passed, the …

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25th February – Demographic Dividend

India’s population is among the youngest in an ageing world. By 2022, the median age in India will be 28 years; in comparison, it will be 37 in China and the United States, 45 in western Europe, and 49 in Japan. A demographic dividend, said to have commenced around 2004-05, is available for close to …

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24th February – Third Bodo Accords

On January 27, 2020, the central government announced that it has signed a “historic” accord with four factions of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) – NDFB-Progressive (NDFB-P), NDFB-Ranjan Daimary (NDFB-RD), NDFB-Dhirendra Boro (NDFB-DB) and NDFB-Saoraigwra (NDFB-S, formerly NDFB-Songbijit). The accord reportedly included a number of political and economic measures designed to strengthen the …

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21st February – Pesticides Management Bill, 2020

The Pesticides Management Bill, 2020, approved by the Cabinet for introduction in Parliament, is unlikely to live up to the expectations of stakeholders in the agro-chemicals sector despite having been drafted after prolonged deliberations over 12 years, and inputs from the parliamentary standing committee. Need for legislation – The need for putting in place an …

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18th February – Railways privatisation model

Context– The Kashi Mahakal Express is the country’s third ‘corporate’ train after the two Tejas Express trains between Delhi-Lucknow and Mumbai-Ahmedabad started over the past few months. What is this model? In this model, the corporation takes all the decisions of running the service– fare, food, onboard facilities, housekeeping, complaints etc. Indian Railways is free …

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17th February – Pegasus – A powerful tool of surveillance

The Facebook’s subsidiary company—WhatsApp, on 29 October 2019, filed a lawsuit in the United States California’s Northern District Federal Court against Israel-based cyber-arms firm— the NSO Group, for infecting ‘specific’ group of WhatsApp users worldwide, mainly belong to civil societies, through their spyware program—Pegasus (also known as Trident). Background – Few reports claimed that the …

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15th February – Towards a new world order

Issues in new world – Social inequalities and the grim problems of stark and continuing poverty are at the epicentre of the new world.  The latest Oxfam Report presented at Davos points out that 2,153 billionaires have more wealth than 4.6 billion people.  The emergence of billionaires and oligarchs in different parts of the world …

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