Science and Technology

16th November – Western bias in Science

Western bias in Science Recently NASA released a news about the discovery of molecular water on the sunlit side of moon by the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), piggybacked on a Boeing-747 aircraft at approximately 45,000 feet above the ground. The finding of 100-412 parts per million water (equivalent to a 12-ounce bottle) in …

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30th October – Deepfakes

Countering Deepfakes Disinformation and hoaxes have evolved from mere annoyance to high stake warfare for creating social discord, increasing polarisation, and in some cases, influencing an election outcome. What are ‘deepfakes’? Deepfakes are a new tool to spread computational propaganda and disinformation at scale and with speed. Deepfakes are the digital media (video, audio, and …

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14th October – Regulating Gene Editing

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2020 has two women scientists as its recipients. The two scientists have pioneered the use of CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) – Cas9 (CRISPR-associated protein 9) system as a gene-editing tool. In a short period of eight years since its discovery, the method has already made a …

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9th October – Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence systems built in India The RAISE 2020 summit (Responsible AI for Social Empowerment) has brought issues around artificial intelligence (AI) to the centre of policy discussions. Countries across the world are making efforts to be part of the AI-led digital economy, which is estimated to contribute around $15.7 trillion to the global economy …

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Space Industry

28th August – Need for a space legislation

The uncharted territory of outer space Outer space has been the arena of some of the most memorable technology demonstrations. Russia’s Sputnik and the U.S.’s Apollo 11 were metaphors of geopolitical competition. For India, Chandrayaan and Mangalyaan were symbols of national pride. Today, outer space no longer captures our mind space in the way cyberspace …

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Saliva Test

19th August – Rapid Saliva test

Rapid saliva test On August 15, six and a half months after the first novel coronavirus case was reported in the country, India crossed another grim milestone — 50,000 deaths. The total number of cases reported have reached nearly 2.6 million; India has been reporting the most fresh cases in a day in the world …

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Nuclear Energy

5th August – Nuclear Energy

Whither nuclear energy? It has been exactly 15 years since the announcement of the historic US-India Civilian Nuclear Agreement. This high-profile deal signed in 2005 by then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and US President George Bush dominated Indian politics through the second half of the previous decade. But it has failed to provide rich dividends …

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Space start-ups

4th June – Space start-ups

Space start-ups need more government nurturing, resources Recently, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced a ground-breaking initiative by opening up space and atomic energy to private players, referring to them as “fellow travellers”. Also, recently, history was created by SpaceX (one of the famous space start-ups) when NASA astronauts were launched into orbit by the first-ever …

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22nd May – Private participation in space sector

Opening Up The Space The government’s decision to allow the private sector to play a larger role in the country’s space activities is welcome. How will it benefit the private sector? Permission to use the facilities of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will relieve companies of the burden of going overseas to test equipment, …

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Artificial Intelligence

14th May – Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare The modern era of global connectivity and high levels of mobile usage in India present significant opportunities for access to AI technology focused healthcare within the following areas – AI in assistance to Physicians – AI can relieve highly-skilled medical professionals from routine activities, freeing up doctors to concentrate on the …

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