13th January – Prelims Booster

Steel mesh to replace barbed wire fences on the borders

The ‘rickety’ barbed wires along the Pakistan and Bangladesh borders are being replaced with meshed fence made of steel and coated with anti-rust paint.

Details –

  • India shares a 4,096.7 km long border with Bangladesh and 3,323 km with Pakistan.
  • The cost of around 1 km of fence is approximately ₹1.99 crore.
  • The Border Security Force (BSF), deployed along the Pakistan and Bangladesh borders, has been tasked with ensuring that the fence is installed in a time-bound manner.
  • Currently, a pilot project has been sanctioned at a cost of ₹14.3 crore at Lathitila in Assam’s Silchar district.
  • The clearance was first given in 2016.

What is CIBMS?

  • The Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) is a more robust and integrated system that is capable of addressing the gaps in the present system of border security by seamlessly integrating human resources, weapons, and high-tech surveillance equipment.
  • At the moment, BSF is working on a Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) which will be deployed along the International Border with Pakistan. It has been recently introduced along the India-Bangladesh border too.
  • CIBMS is expected to counter infiltration and cross-border terror attacks.
  • The system employs latest technology which would detect infiltration via land, underwater, air and tunnels.
  • The concept of CIBMS is the integration of manpower, sensors and command and control to improve situational awareness and facilitate quick response to emerging situations.

IIP reverses slump, grows by 1.8% in November

Having contracted for three months in a row, the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) recorded a growth of 1.8% in November, mainly on account of an improvement in the manufacturing sector.

What is IIP?

  • Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is an index which helps us understand the growth of various sectors in the Indian economy such as mining, electricity and manufacturing.
  • IIP is a short term indicator of industrial growth till the results from Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) and National Accounts Statistics (Eg: GDP) are available.
  • The base year of the index is given a value of 100. The current base year for the IIP series in India is 2011-12. So, if the current IIP reads 180, it means that there has been 80% industrial growth compared to the base year, ie 2011-12.

What are core industries?

Coal, Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Refinery Product, Steel, Cement and Electricity are known as Core Industries. The eight Core Industries comprise nearly 37.9 % of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP). The 8 core industries are their relative weight in IIP is as below:

  1. Coal (weight: 4.38 %).
  2. Crude Oil (weight: 5.22 %).
  3. Natural Gas (weight: 1.71 %).
  4. Refinery Products (weight: 5.94%).
  5. Fertilisers (weight: 1.25%).
  6. Steel (weight: 6.68%).
  7. Cement (weight: 2.41%).
  8. Electricity (weight: 10.32%)

Who releases IIP?

  • Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
  • IIP is published monthly, six weeks after the reference month ends.

Section 144 not a tool to suppress opinion : SC

The orders of restriction issued under Section 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) could not be used as a tool to suppress legitimate expression, opinion and grievances in a democracy, the Supreme Court ruled recently.

Details –

It was in response to the restriction of freedoms in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

What is Section 144 of CrPC?

  • Section 144 of Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) is used to prohibit assemblies of four or more individuals.
  • It is also used to order mobile phone companies to block voice, SMS, or Internet communications in one or more geographical areas.
  • It empowers a district magistrate, a sub-divisional magistrate or any other executive magistrate specially empowered by the state government in this behalf to issue orders to prevent and address urgent cases of apprehended danger or nuisance.
  • The orders may be directed against a particular individual, or to persons residing in a particular place or area, or to the public generally when frequenting or visiting a particular place or area.
  • No order passed under Section 144 can remain in force for more than two months from the date of the order.
  • The state government can extend this, but not more than six months.

New facility inaugurated to tackle cybercrime

Union Home Minister has inaugurated the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination (14C) recently.

Details –

  • The I4C is a seven-pronged system, which includes a cybercrime reporting portal, analysis of threats, capacity building, research and innovation, creating an ecosystem for cybercrime management and a joint cybercrime investigation platform for law enforcement agencies.
  • So far, more than 700 police districts and more than 3,900 police stations have been connected with this portal

Background –

The project was approved in October 2018 at an estimated cost of ₹415.86 crore. Fifteen States and Union Territories have agreed to set up Regional Cyber Crime Coordination Centres.

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