14th February – Prelims Booster

Missing idol traced to London museum

The Idol Wing CID (of Tamil Nadu state) has traced a bronze idol of Thirumangai Azhvar that went missing from the Soundararajaperumal temple near Kumbakonam 60 years ago to a museum in London.

About Thirumangai Azhvar –

  • Believed to belong to 8th century A.D, he is the last among the 12 Azhvars.
  • He was born in “Kallar” clan in the Tamil month Karthikai under the star Kritika in Thirukuraiyaloor in Alinada (Chola Mandalam).
  • He was named “Neelan” by his parents as he was blue at the time of his birth.
  • He was also known by many names depending on the roles he played.  He was known as “Parakalan” as he defeated the Chola King; Thirumangai as he was made a chieftain of a small place called Thirumangai; Nalukavi as he composed four different types of hymns. 
  • The four names are Asukavi, Madurakavi, Chitrakavi and Vistarakavi.
  • Being a great devotee of Lord Vishnu, he cultivated four good friends during the pilgrimage who also became his disciples. They are Tala Uduvuvan, Thozha Vazzakkan, Nizhalai Mithippan and Neermel Nadappan.


The fifth edition of Exercise AJEYA WARRIOR-2020 between India and United Kingdom Army was held recently at Salisbury Plains, United Kingdom.

Objective –

The aim of exercise is to conduct training of troops in counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in both Urban and Semi Urban areas.

Tripura tribal laws to be codified

The Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC) has passed resolutions to codify the customary laws of three tribal clans.

Details –

The council introduced separate Bills to adopt the law of the Mizo, Kaipeng and Malsom communities to address their long-standing demands.

Administration of Tribal Areas –

The Constitution, under Sixth Schedule, contains special provisions for the administration of tribal areas in the four north-eastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

The various features of administration contained in the Sixth Schedule are as follows:

  • The tribal areas in the four states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram have been constituted as autonomous districts. But, they do not fall outside the executive authority of the state concerned.
  • The Governor is empowered to organise and re-organise the autonomous districts. Thus, he can increase or decrease their areas or change their names or define their boundaries and so on.
  • If there are different tribes in an autonomous district, the governor can divide the district into several autonomous regions.
  • Each autonomous district has a district council consisting of 30 members, of whom four are nominated by the governor and the remaining 26 are elected on the basis of adult franchise. The elected members hold office for a term of five years (unless the council is dissolved earlier) and nominated members hold office during the pleasure of the governor. Each autonomous region also has a separate regional council.
  • The district and regional councils administer the areas under their jurisdiction. They can make laws on certain specified matters like land, forests, canal water, shifting cultivation, village administration, inheritance of property, marriage and divorce, social customs and so on. But all such laws require the assent of the Governor.
  • The district and regional councils within their territorial jurisdictions can constitute village councils or courts for trial of suits and cases between the tribes. They hear appeals from them. The jurisdiction of high court over these suits and cases is specified by the Governor.
  • The district council can establish, construct or manage primary schools, dispensaries, markets, ferries, fisheries, roads and so on in the district. It can also make regulations for the control of money lending and trading by non-tribals. But, such regulations require the assent of the governor.
  • The district and regional councils are empowered to assess and collect land revenue and to impose certain specified taxes.
  • The acts of Parliament or the state legislature do not apply to autonomous districts and autonomous regions or apply with specified modifications and exceptions.
  • The Governor can appoint a commission to examine and report on any matter relating to the administration of the autonomous districts or regions. He may dissolve a district or regional council on the recommendation of the commission.

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