Prelims Booster

1st April – Prelims Booster


Migrant workers given mass disinfectant bath in Bareilly

Migrant labourers returning to Bareilly were forced by the district administration to take a open-air bath with a disinfectant before being allowed entry into the district.

About the disinfectant –

  • Sodium hypochlorite solution, commonly used as a bleaching agent to remove stains, is used as a disinfectant against the coronavirus.
  • Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a compound that can be effectively used for water purification. It is used on a large scale for surface purification, bleaching, odour removal and water disinfection.

Uses –

  • Sodium hypochlorite is used on a large scale. For example in agriculture, chemical industries, paint- and lime industries, food industries, glass industries, paper industries, pharmaceutical industries, synthetics industries and waste disposal industries.
  • In the textile industry sodium hypochlorite is used to bleach textile. It is sometimes added to industrial waste water. This is done to reduce odours.
  • Sodium hypochlorite is applied in swimming pools for water disinfection and oxidation. It has the advantage that microorganisms cannot build up any resistance to it.

Health effects –

  • People exposed to sodium hypochlorite may suffer from coughing and a sore throat. After swallowing sodium hypochlorite the effects are stomach ache, a burning sensation, coughing, diarrhoea, a sore throat and vomiting.
  • Normally, a 2-5% sodium hypochlorite solution is used as a disinfectant spray. A 1% solution can cause damage to the skin of anyone who comes in contact with it. If it gets inside the body, it can cause serious harm to lungs.

Companies Fresh Start Scheme, 2020

In pursuance of the Government of India’s efforts to provide relief to law abiding companies and Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) in the wake of COVID 19, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), has introduced the “Companies Fresh Start Scheme, 2020” and revised the “LLP Settlement Scheme, 2020” which is already in vogue to provide a first of its kind opportunity to both companies and LLPs to make good any filing related defaults, irrespective of duration of default, and make a fresh start as a fully compliant entity.

Details –

  • The Fresh Start scheme and modified LLP Settlement Scheme incentivise compliance and reduce compliance burden during the unprecedented public health situation caused by COVID-19.
  • The USP of both the schemes is a one-time waiver of additional filing fees for delayed filings by the companies or LLPs with the Registrar of Companies during the currency of the Schemes, i.e. during the period starting from 1st April, 2020 and ending on 30th September, 2020.
  • The Schemes, apart from giving longer timelines for corporates to comply with various filing requirements under the Companies Act 2013 and LLP Act, 2008, significantly reduce the related financial burden on them, especially for those with long standing defaults, thereby giving them an opportunity to make a “fresh start”.
  • Both the Schemes also contain provision for giving immunity from penal proceedings, including against imposition of penalties for late submissions and also provide additional time for filing appeals before the concerned Regional Directors against imposition of penalties, if already imposed.
  • However, the immunity is only against delayed filings in MCA21 and not against any substantive violation of law.

What is a limited liability partnership?

  • LLP is an alternative corporate business form that gives the benefits of limited liability of a company and the flexibility of a partnership. Hence LLP is called a hybrid between a company and a partnership.
  • Legislation in India – All limited liability partnerships are governed under the limited liability partnership act of 2008. The Corporate Affairs Ministry implements the Act.
  • LLP vs Traditional partnership firm – Under “traditional partnership firm”, every partner is liable, jointly with all the other partners and also severally for all acts of the firm done while he is a partner. Under LLP structure, liability of the partner is limited to his agreed contribution. Thus, individual partners are shielded from joint liability created by another partner’s wrongful acts or misconduct.

Principal Scientific Adviser to Government of India

A Science and Technology Empowered Committee for COVID-19 response was constituted to examine the response to the pandemic.

Details –

The committee is chaired by Prof. Vinod Paul, Member, NITI Aayog and Prof. K Vijay Raghavan, Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India, and is responsible for coordination amongst science agencies, scientists, industries and regulatory bodies, and to take speedy decisions on research and development to implementation related to the SARS-COV-2 virus and the COVID-19 disease.

About the Office of Principal Scientific Adviser to Government of India –

  • The Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) is the chief advisor to the government on matters related to scientific policy.
  • It is currently a Secretary level position created in 1999 by the AB Vajpayee government. At the time, the position was a Cabinet rank position, with the first PSA being APJ Abdul Kalam.
  • This was followed by Rajagopala Chidambaram who held the rank of a Minister of State and was the PSA for 16 years.
  • The current PSA is K. Vijay Raghavan.
  • The ‘Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser’, through the Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) helps scientific cross-sectoral synergy across ministries, institutions and the industry.

Objective –

The Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India advises the government in science and technology polices and interventions that are of strategic socio-economic importance to the country. This is done in collaboration with various ministries, institutions, academia and industry. The PM-STIAC is one of the catalysts for such tasks and also overseas the implementation of the tasks.

About PM-STIAC –

  • Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) is an overarching Council that facilitates the PSA’s Office to assess the status in specific science and technology domains, comprehend challenges in hand, formulate specific interventions, develop a futuristic roadmap and advise the Prime Minister accordingly.
  • PSA’s Office also oversees the implementation of such interventions by concerned S&T Departments and Agencies and other government Ministries.

Daily MCQs

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