25th December – Prelims Booster

Mental disorders

Relevance –

  • Prelims
  • GS 2 Governance (Health

Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Telangana, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh account for a higher prevalence of mental disorders that manifest primarily during adulthood in depression and anxiety, according to the first comprehensive estimates of disease burden attributable to mental health from 1990 prepared by the India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative and published in the Lancet Psychiatry.

What does the study say?

  • The study finds that roughly one in seven Indians, or 197 million persons, suffered from mental disorders of varying severity in 2017.
  • These include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, idiopathic developmental intellectual disability, conduct disorders, and autism.

Parameter for measurement –

  • In its State-wise analysis, the study divides different States into three categories on the basis of their socio-demographic index (SDI), i.e low, medium and high SDI States.
  • The SDI is a composite measure of per-capita income, mean education, and fertility rate in women younger than 25 years and is calculated on a scale of one.

About India-State level Disease Burden Initiative –

  • The India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative was launched in October 2015.
  • It is a collaboration between the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), and senior experts and stakeholders currently from about 100 institutions across India.

Prelims Fact –

Lancet’s Countdown: Tracking Progress on Health and Climate Change 2018” report has recommended that Indian government must take a series of initiatives to mitigate the increased risks to health, and the loss of labour hours due to a surge in exposure to heatwave events in the country over the 2012-2016 period.

FTA with EEU


  • Prelims
  • GS International Relations, GS 3 Economy

Russia is looking forward to India concluding a new Free Trade Agreement with the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) as per the Russian Ambassador to India.

What is Eurasian Economic Union?

Eurasian Economic Union is an economic grouping developed on the similar lines as European Union aims to integrate the erstwhile Soviet Union republics. Russia aims to counter the increasing American, EU influence in the region.

Design and Objective –

  • A custom union and a common market.
  • Common custom codes, tariffs and regulations
  • Aims to increase trade and investment
  • Free movement of people, capital, goods and services.
  • Eurasian economic Commission (at Moscow) will be the regulatory body.
  • Aims to give impetus to the manufacturing chains
  • India’s willingness to join the group will be a positive development.

Gains for India –

  • Help India diversify its trade relations.
  • A new market for its export.
  • The various options of regional trade groupings emerging facilitates the need for us to look at new markets.
  • The EEU is being termed as an energy superpower and India can avail this opportunity for meeting its energy needs.
  • EEU is in a nascent stage but can play a pivotal role in our economic and strategic policies. Given the fact that growing proximity between China and Russia and China’s intrusion in the Eurasian region is a cause of concern, India will gain from the entry into the EEU.

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