UP pollution control body pulled up for Ganga’s plight
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has pulled up the Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board (UPPCB) for its inability to prevent drains in Kanpur from polluting the Ganga.
Namami Gange Programme –
The Union government approved “Namami Gange” Program in May 2015. It integrates the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga river in a comprehensive manner. Among other things, the programme will focus on pollution abatement interventions namely Interception, diversion & treatment of wastewater flowing through the open drains through bio-remediation / appropriate in-situ treatment / use of innovative technologies.
- The program has a budget outlay of Rs. 20,000 crore for the next 5 years.
- Under this programme, the focus of the Government is to involve people living on the banks of the river to attain sustainable results.
- The programme also focuses on involving the States and grassroots level institutions such as Urban Local Bodies and Panchayati Raj Institutions in implementation.
- The program would be implemented by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), and its state counterpart organisations i.e., State Program Management Groups (SPMGs).
- In order to improve implementation, a three-tier mechanism has been proposed for project monitoring comprising of a) High level task force chaired by Cabinet Secretary assisted by NMCG at national level, b) State level committee chaired by Chief Secretary assisted by SPMG at state level and c) District level committee chaired by the District Magistrate.
- The program emphasises on improved coordination mechanisms between various Ministries/Agencies of Central and State governments.
National Ganga Council –
- The National Ganga Council, also known as the National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection, and Management of River Ganga was set up in 2016. It replaced the National River Ganga Basin Authority (NRGBA).
- It is chaired by the Prime Minister.
- It has been given overall responsibility for the superintendence of pollution prevention and rejuvenation of River Ganga Basin, including Ganga and its tributaries.
National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) –
- It is the implementation wing of the National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection, and Management of River Ganga also known as National Ganga Council (set in 2016; which replaced the NRGBA).
- NMCG was established in the year 2011 as a registered society.
- It has a two-tier management structure and comprises of Governing Council and Executive Committee.
- The aims and objectives of NMCG are – To ensure effective control of pollution and rejuvenation of the river Ganga by adopting a river basin approach to promote inter-sectoral coordination for comprehensive planning and management.
India to carry out projects in Rakhine
India will carry out more development projects in the Rakhine province of Myanmar, which is considered the homeland of the Rohingya community.
Rohingya issue –
- The Rohingya are an ethnic group, the majority of whom are Muslim. The Rohingyas are 100 per cent Bengali and speak a Chittagong dialect. They currently reside in Rakhine State, Myanmar. There was an estimated about 1 million Rohingya living in Myanmar before the 2016–17 crisis.
- Military coup in Myanmar changed the national history of the country after 1962. All citizens were required to obtain national registration cards, but Rohingya was given foreign identity cards. This act, gradually diminishing the rights on the jobs and educational opportunities. In 1982, a new citizenship law resolution was passed which effectively curbed the Rohingya as stateless resident.
- In the early 1970’s, Myanmar government began to follow a series of crackdowns Rohingya in Rakhine State have forced hundreds of thousands to flee to neighbouring Bangladesh, India, Thailand and Saudi Arabia.