Prelims Booster

2nd May – Prelims Booster

Geographical Indication Tag

Chak-Hao, which is a black rice variety of Manipur, Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai and Gorakhpur terracotta have bagged the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

Chak-Hao –

  • Chak-Hao, a scented glutinous rice which has been in cultivation in Manipur over centuries, is characterised by its special aroma. It is normally eaten during community feasts and is served as Chak-Hao kheer.
  • Chak-Hao has also been used by traditional medical practitioners as part of traditional medicine. According to the GI application filed, this rice takes the longest cooking time of 40-45 minutes due to the presence of a fibrous bran layer and higher crude fibre content.
  • At present, the traditional system of Chak-Hao cultivation is practised in some pockets of Manipur. Direct sowing of pre-soaked seeds and also transplantation of rice seedlings raised in nurseries in puddled fields are widely practised in the State’s wetlands.

Terracota work of Gorakhpur –

  • The terracotta work of Gorakhpur is a centuries-old traditional art form, where the potters make various animal figures like, horses, elephants, camel, goat and ox with hand-applied ornamentation.
  • Some of the major products of craftsmanship include the Hauda elephants, Mahawatdar horse, deer, camel, five-faced Ganesha, singled-faced Ganesha, elephant table, chandeliers and hanging bells.

Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai –

Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai is a pea nut candy made in southern parts of Tamil Nadu. The candy is prepared from ground nut and jaggery. The water is exclusively used from the river Thamirabarani.

About Geographical Indication (GI) Tag –

  • A geographical indication is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.GI tags are given on the basis of the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act,1999.
  • Geographical Indications are covered as a component of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. At the International level, GI is governed by the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO’s) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
  • GI tag secures the quality and authenticity of a product to a particular geographical origin.
  • It provides legal protection from duplication.
  • The first product to get GI tag was Darjeeling Tea.


German police raided five sites linked to the Lebanese Shia group Hezbollah, as authorities announced that they were banning activities by its political wing in Germany.

About Hezbollah –

  • Hezbollah is a political party and militant group that first emerged during Lebanon’s civil war as a militia after the Israeli invasion of that country in 1982.
  • Following the Islamic revolution in Shia majority Iran in 1979 and the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982, a group of Lebanese Shia clerics formed Hezbollah with the goal of driving Israel from Lebanon and establishing an Islamic republic there.
  • Hezbollah was based in the predominately Shia areas of Biqa valley, southern Lebanon and southern Beirut.
  • It coordinated its efforts closely with Iran, from which it acquired substantial logistical support.
  • In 2009, while continuing to call for resistance to Israel as well as support for Iran, its updated manifesto dropped calls for the establishment of an Islamic republic in Lebanon and affirmed as its ideal government a democracy that represents national unity rather than sectarian interests.
  • Hassan Nasarallah is the leader of Hezbollah group.

May Day

May 1 is May Day, also known as International Workers’ Day and as Labour Day in different parts of the world. It is an occasion that commemorates the contributions of workers and the historic labour movement.

Background –

  • May 1 became associated with the labour movements in the late 19th century, after trade unions and socialist groups designated it as a day in support of workers.
  • It was decided to do so in memory of the Haymarket affair of 1886, in Chicago in the United States, in which a peaceful rally in support of workers led to a violent clash with the police, leading to the deaths of 4 civilian and 7 police officers.
  • Many of the agitationists, who were protesting workers’ rights violations, straining work hours, poor working conditions, low wages and child labour, were arrested and served terms of life imprisonment, death sentences, etc., and those who died were hailed as “Haymarket Martyrs”. The incident is believed to have given the workers’ movement a great impetus.

Labour Day –

  • The US recognised Labor Day as a federal holiday in 1894, where it continues to be celebrated every year on the first Monday of September. Soon, Canada also adopted the practice.
  • In 1889, The Second International, an organisation created by socialist and labour parties, declared that May 1 would be commemorated as International Workers’ Day from then on.
  • In 1904, the International Socialist Congress at Amsterdam called on “all Social Democratic Party organisations and trade unions of all countries to demonstrate energetically on the First of May for the legal establishment of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal peace,” and made it “mandatory upon the proletarian organisations of all countries to stop work on May 1, wherever it is possible without injury to the workers.”
  • After the Russian Revolution in 1917, the celebration was embraced by the Soviet Union and the Eastern bloc nations during the Cold War– becoming a national holiday in many of them. Parades were a part of the celebration– the one at Moscow’s Red Square was attended by top Communists leaders, and displayed Soviet military might.

In India –

  • In India, May Day was first celebrated on May 1, 1923, after the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan initiated and Comrade Singaravelar (Singaravelu Chettiar) helmed the celebrations.
  • In two meetings — one at Triplicane beach and the second at the beach opposite Madras High Court — the Comrade, known for being one of the leaders of Self Respect movement in the Madras Presidency and for his fight for the rights of backward classes, passed a resolution stating the government should allow everybody a national holiday on Labour Day.

Permanent Mission to the UN

India has appointed diplomat TS Tirumurti, currently serving as Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs, as its Permanent Representative to the United Nations.

Permanent Mission to the United Nations –

  • The Permanent Mission is the diplomatic mission that every member state deputes to the United Nations, and is headed by a Permanent Representative, who is also referred to as the “UN ambassador”.
  • According to Article 1 (7) of the Vienna Convention on the Representation of States in their Relations with International Organisations of a Universal Character, a “Permanent Mission” is a: “… mission of permanent character, representing the State, sent by a State member of an international organisation to the Organization”.

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