30th December – Prelims Booster

Bharat Stage VI norms for quadricycles likely

The government has proposed to make BS VI emission norms mandatory for quadricycles from April 1, 2020.

What are Bharat Stage norms?

  • Bharat Stage emission standards, introduced in 2000, are emission standards that have been set up the Central government to regulate the output of air pollutants from internal combustion engine equipment, including motor vehicles.
  • Bharat Emission Standards (BS) is standard set for automobile industry which quantifies the emission of pollutants like NO, PM etc. This concept is borrowed from European Standards which are currently undergoing Euro VI standards as against our BS IV.

Difference between BS-IV and BS-VI –

  • The major difference in standards between the existing BS-IV and the new BS-VI auto fuel norms is the presence of sulphur.
  • The newly introduced fuel is estimated to reduce the amount of sulphur released by 80 per cent, from 50 parts per million to 10 ppm.
  • As per the analysts, the emission of NOx (nitrogen oxides) from diesel cars is also expected to reduce by nearly 70 per cent and 25 per cent from cars with petrol engines.
  • Current rise of pollution and life threatening breathing air in metropolitan cities have pushed government to rethink and decided to follow better standards like BS VI by even skipping BS V.

Compulsory renewal of OCI card goes

The Union Home Ministry has relaxed the provisions for Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) card holders that made it compulsory for those aged above 50 and below 20 to renew their cards on renewal of their passports.

Who is an Overseas Citizen of India?

The Ministry of Home Affairs defines an OCI as a person who:

  • Was a citizen of India on or after 26th January 1950; or
  • Was eligible to become a citizen of India on 26th January 1950; or
  • Is a child or grandchild of such a person, among other eligibility criteria.

According to Section 7A of the OCI card rules, an applicant is not eligible for the OCI card if he, his parents or grandparents have ever been a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh.

The category was introduced by the government in 2005. The Government of India via Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2015 merged the Person of Indian Origin (PIO) category with OCI category in 2015.

Benefits to OCI cardholders –

  • OCI cardholders are given benefits on a part with non-Resident Indians in financial, economic and educational fields, except in the acquisition of agricultural or plantation properties.
  • OCI cardholders are given multiple-entry and multi-purpose life-long visa to visit India and are also exempted from reporting to police authorities for any length of stay in India.
  • OCI cardholders do not get voting rights, cannot hold a government job and purchase agricultural or farmland.

Daily MCQs

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