31st December – Prelims Booster

POSHAN Abhiyaan

The State governments and the Union Territories utilised a mere 30% of the funds released under the Poshan Abhiyaan, or the National Nutrition Mission, since it was launched in 2017.

What is ‘Poshan Abhiyaan’?

  • The Poshan Abhiyaan, set up under the aegis of the Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD), is aimed at improving nutritional outcomes among pregnant women, lactating mothers and children by reducing the level of stunting, underweight, anaemia and low birth weight by 2022.
  • It is meant to benefit more than 10 crore people and was launched with a total budget of ₹9,046.17 crore for three years, 50% of which is through budgetary support, which is further divided into 60:40 between the Centre and the States, 90:10 for the north-eastern region and the Himalayan States and 100% for the Union Territories without legislature.
  • The remaining 50% is from the World Bank or other multilateral development banks.
  • The target of the mission is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.
  • The initiative seeks to reduce the level of stunting, undernutrition and low birth weight by 2% each, and anaemia by 3%.

National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges –

  • It is headed by the Vice Chairman of the NITI Aayog.
  • It is set up under the POSHAN Abhiyaan.
  • The Council is also known as National Council on Nutrition (NCN).
  • It provides policy directions to address nutritional challenges in the country and review programmes.
  • It is a national level coordination and convergence body on nutrition.

Bandhavgarh – First elephant colony of MP

Madhya Pradesh has got its first elephant colony.

About Bandhavgarh –

  • Bandhavgarh National Park is spread at Vindhya hills in Madhya Pradesh.
  • It is known for the Royal Bengal Tigers.
  • The density of the Tiger population at Bandhavgarh is the highest known in India.

eBक्रय launched

What is it?

To enable online auction by banks of attached assets transparently and cleanly for improved realisation of value, eBक्रय, a common e-auction platform has been launched by the Finance Ministry.

Features –

The platform is equipped with property search features and navigational links to all PSB e-auction sites, provides single-window access to information on properties up for e-auction as well as facility for comparison of similar properties, and also contains photographs and videos of uploaded properties.

Due process is a must to seek damages – Backgrounder

The Uttar Pradesh government’s acceptance of ₹6.27 lakh from the Muslim community as “compensation” for damages caused to public property during anti-CAA protests lacks due process.

The guidelines –

The Supreme Court had suo motu laid down 10-point guidelines for assessment of damages and liability in its judgment in “Destruction of Public and Private Properties Vs State of A.P and

others” on April 16, 2009.

What do the guidelines say?

  • The assessment of “exemplary damages” for property destroyed in incidents of violence should be based on electronic media/private video evidence. The prosecution has to separately prove that the damage occurred during protests and was the result of “direct actions” of the persons concerned.
  • The claims are to be processed under the aegis of the Supreme Court or the State High Court concerned.
  • The constitutional court involved would ultimately decide the liability for the damages caused. The State government cannot unilaterally decide exemplary damages. It has to be decided after judicial application of mind.
  • For one, wherever a mass destruction to property takes place due to protests or thereof, the High Court may issue suo motu action and set up a machinery to investigate the damage caused and award compensation.
  • When multiple States have suffered damages, the Supreme Court should take over cognisance.
  • In each case, the High Court or Supreme Court, as the case may be, should appoint a sitting or retired High Court judge or a sitting or retired district judge as a Claims Commissioner to estimate the damages and investigate liability. An assessor is appointed to assist the Claims Commissioner.
  • The Claims Commissioner and the assessor, acting on the instructions of the High Court or Supreme Court, may summon video or other recordings from private and public sources to pinpoint the damage and establish nexus with the perpetrators of the damage.
  • The principles of absolute liability shall apply once the nexus with the event that precipitated the damage is established. The liability will be borne by the actual perpetrators of the crime as well as organisers. Their shares would be decided by the court.
  • Exemplary damages should not be greater than twice the amount of the damages liable to be paid. Damages should be assessed for destruction to public or private property, injury or death and cost of the actions by the authorities and police to take prevent and contain the violence.
  • The Claims Commissioner would finally make a report to the High Court or Supreme Court, which would determine the liability after hearing the parties.

Daily MCQs

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