34 queries in Census 2020 form
The Registrar-General of India has asked all States to “give highest importance, attention and time” to the Census and National Population Register (NPR) work as “the foundations of the statistics of the country” depend on them.
History of Census in India –
- The earliest literature ‘Rig-Veda’ reveals that some kind of population count was maintained in during 800-600 BC in India.
- The celebrated ‘Arthashastra’ by ‘Kautilya’ written in the 3rd Century BC prescribed the collection of population statistics as a measure of state policy for taxation. It contained a detailed description of methods of conducting population, economic and agricultural censuses.
- During the regime of the Mughal king Akbar, the administrative report ‘Ain-e-Akbari’ included comprehensive data pertaining to population, industry, wealth and many other characteristics.
- A systematic and modern population census, in its present form was conducted non synchronously between 1865 and 1872 in different parts of the country.
- This effort culminating in 1872 has been popularly labeled as the first population census of India However, the first synchronous census in India was held in 1881 (during Lord Mayo’s time). Since then, censuses have been undertaken uninterruptedly once every ten year.
- The last caste-based census was conducted by the British in 1931.
Census 2021 –
- According to the statement released by the Registrar General of India (RGI) for all states and Union territories across the country, there will be recruitment of a Special Charge Officer who will be responsible for holding the 2021 census in areas that are controlled and occupied solely by the defence forces, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Border Security Force (BSF).
- The census will be conducted in two phases.
- The planned rounds for the Census 2021 are given below:
- First phase – House listing operations will be conducted in any two months chosen by the respective states between April and September 2020.
- Second phase – Actual population enumeration will be done from February 9 to February 28, 2021
- Final phase – Revision round of the above two phases from March 1 to March 5, 2021
What is National Population Register?
- The NPR is a register of usual residents of the country.
- It is mandatory for every usual resident of India to register in the NPR.
- It includes both Indian citizens as well as a foreign citizen.
- The objective of the NPR is to create a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country.
- The first National Population Register was prepared in 2010 and updating this data was done during 2015 by conducting door to door survey.
- The next update of the NPR will take place next year from April to September with the Houselisting phase of the Census 2021.
- It is being prepared at the local (Village/sub-Town), sub-District, District, State and National level under provisions of the Citizenship Act 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.
How is it different from National Register for Citizens?
- According to the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, notified on December 10, 2003, a Population Register is ‘the register containing details of persons usually residing in a village or rural area or town or ward or demarcated area (demarcated by the Registrar General of Citizen Registration) within a ward in a town or urban area’. Rule 3(4) provides for National Population Register (conducted in 2010).
- Whereas, the ‘National Register of Indian Citizens’ is a register containing details of Indian Citizens living in India and outside India.
- The rules further say that ‘National Register of Indian Citizens’ shall contain the particulars of every citizen i.e. Name; Father’s name; Mother’s name; Sex; Date of birth; Place of birth; Residential address (present and permanent); Marital status ñ if ever married, name of the spouse; Visible identification mark; Date of registration of Citizen; Serial number of registration; and National Identity Number.
Context – Janaushadhi week is being celebrated across the country from 1st March to 7th March 2020. On this occasion various activities like health checkup Camp, Jan Aushadhi Paricharcha, Jan Aushadhi ka sath are being undertaken.
About Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana –
- It was launched in the year 2015 to bring down the healthcare budget of every citizen of India through providing quality generic medicines at affordable prices.
- BPPI (Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India), under the administrative control of the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers will be the implementation agency for the PMBJP.
About BPPI –
- It got registered as an independent society in the year 2010 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 as a separate legal entity.
- It is under the administrative control of the Department of Pharmaceuticals.
Khola Chilly or Canacona Chilly
Recently, Khola Chilly or Canacona Chilly was declared as G.I tag of state of Goa.
- The G.I tagging of Canacona Chilly has opened up a huge revenue earning opportunity to the farmers of Khola and other villages like Cotigao, Gaondogrem, Sristhal and Barcem.
- 95% of Khola Chilli Cultivator’s are tribal women.
- The peculiarity of this chilly is that it is red in colour with medium pungent taste and it is grown on the hill slopes of Canacona.
- A lot of preparation goes before the saplings of the chilly saplings are transplanted by hand immediately after the monsoon strikes in the mouth of June.
Geographical Indications –
- A G.I tag recognises the place of origin of a product and the specific qualities or means of production associated with it.
- Acting as a certification, it is a way of ensuring that similar products from elsewhere cannot be sold under this name.
- Approved by the Geneva-headquarted World Trade organisation.
- GIs have been defined under article 22(1) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement.
- In India, the G.I tag is governed by the Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
- And in India it was managed by Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs & Trade Marks under Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce &Industry.
- The tag is valid for a decade, after which it can be renewed for another 10 years.
- Till now, 363 GI tags as of March 2020.