Editorial Simplified : 11th April

Editorial Simplified : 11th day of April 2016

This Series of posts covers the essential Editorial from prominent newspapers. The Editorial from the newspapers are compiled by the Subject Teachers form the Academy and provided in notes format so that the aspirants does not waste their precious time in sifting through the newspapers. 

The aspirants are advised to bookmark this page for future reference 

Click on the tab below to read the Editorial Simplified for each newspaper

[accordion_content accordion_label=”Business Standard”]

Editorial : Focus on trade

Context :

India’s exports are consistently falling. This is related to a host of factors. Becoming part of new multilateral partnerships can help revive the export scenario.

What’s wrong with exports :

  • Exports have fallen for 15 months in a row.
  • Downfall driven by the fall in the price of oil.
  • Because refined petrochemicals are a major EXPORT for India.
  • Non-oil exports have also fallen because of low world trade and overall demand.

Is it the same worldwide :
India’s peer countries like Vietnam, Bangladesh and Malaysia, have grown exports.
Is everything wrong :

  • No
  • External account appears comfortable
  • Because of low oil price fall import bill is down

What are the major risks then :

  • If industrial growth picks up, imports too will likely rise;
  • If oil prices go up, external account might become uncomfortable.

What could be done :

  • Export growth needs to be revived.
  • Implement Doha Round of the WTO to benefit most from multilateral trading arrangements.
  • Strive to integrate itself into the new regional trading arrangements like Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation or APEC or Trans-Pacific Partnership or TPP or Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership or RCEP.
  • Improve environmental and labour laws, customs procedures and trade facilitation norms to attract exporting units to set up plants here.
  • Opening retail to foreign investment is welcome.
  • Try to curb currency volatility.

[accordion_content accordion_label=”Indian Express”]

Editorial : Farm error

Context :farmer-759

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday decided to create a single special purpose vehicle — majority funded by profitable public sector undertakings — to revive the three closed-down urea plants of Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation (HFC) and Fertilizer Corporation of India (FCI).

The Three problems :

  • Latest step is not addressing the problem of fertilizer industry; Deregulation will.
  • This decision does not stop incessant use of fertilizers degrading soil and hamepering fertility
  • It is against principle of ‘Minimum Government Maximum Governance’

Fertilizer Subsidy:  Crawling pass it’s lifetime

  • Ideal ratio to use Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium is 4:2:1. Government is promoting use of nitrogen more (more than twice of requirement) by subsidizing urea at 70 % and other nutrients at 30-35 %.
  • 30,000 to 45000 crore is stuck in subsidy payment. Government fixes both market and producer price and give subsidy to fertilizer makers

Way Out

Government should free fertilizer producers from subsidy and let the industry work at market prices and requirements. Increased cost to farmers can be passed on to customers. Inflation can be tackled but in the long run, impact on soil will be more costly.

Editorial : Taking a hikesmriti-irani759

Context :

Government has proposed a new few structure for IITs from next academic session

Caste as well as Class considered

Hike of 122% to 2 lakh per year for General category student; SCs / STs as well as economically weaker sections will study free of cost. Students from families having annual income of less than 1 lakh will study free while those having annual income of 1-5 lakh will be waived two-third of the fee ( fee becomes less than Rs 70000)

Step in the right direction :

  • Country always supported subsidized technical education; school education suffered from lack of attention as well as funds producing skewed education system
  • Government spends Rs. 6 lakhs annually on every IITian; In era of commoditized education, fee is not unreasonable
  • Besides students who need subsidies the most (like those from SUPER 30) will not be negatively impacted by the decision.


[accordion_content accordion_label=”The Hindu”]

Editorial : The wages of negligenceTemple Fire

Context :

Explosion in storehouse of Puttingal Devi temple Kerala’s Kollam district killed more than a 100 people. Human security compromised.

Important points :

  • The deadly fire was caused by fireworks set off despite Collector’s refusal to grant permission.
  • The police force even did not stop the event’s illegality even when crackers were burnt after 10 p.m.
  • The editor hopes that Political parties do not try gathering electoral capital from the tragedy and an impartial investigation takes place. 
  • A case had already been registered against the temple committee and a judicial inquiry has been ordered.
  • It is ironical but relevant to mention here that Kerala is one of the better placed states in cases of mass safety and has a specific code for such events. But the rules of the code were clearly violated.

Conclusion :

  • If the established code was taken seriously there would not have been any such incident.
  • The editor suggests that there should be zero tolerance for violations in mass events.
  • All contingency protocols should be tested through regular drills. 

 With nearly 50 annual religious mass gatherings and a huge Thrissur Pooram round the corner Kerala cannot afford another failure. 

Editorial : On detecting and delaying diabetesimages

Context :

Diabetes prevalence is increasing around the world and India is one of the major culprits to the problem.

Important points :

  • The age adjusted prevalence of diabetes in India between 1980 and 2014 has more than doubled to 9.1 and 8.3 percent in men and women respectively.
  • India and China are the major culprits adding to the increasing number of diseased.
  • It is an accepted truth that increases in longevity of life and growing population had contributed to increase in diabetes but obesity is emerging as an important risk factor. Number of obese people in India is on a constant rise.
  • Increased consumption of sugar, refined food products , sedentary life style and genetic susceptibility puts Indians at a large risk of obesity.
  • Diabetes has also become a considerable drain from the economic angle, with estimated 73 billion annual cost.

Suggestions to reduce the problem :

  • Concerted efforts must be directed at preventing and delaying diabetes.
  • A probable solution with lots of potential is diagnosing and treating gestational diabetes.
  • Pre-diabetes diagnosis and prevention is also and effective cure.
  • To make any campaign successful in India public awareness is always crucial.


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0 thoughts on “Editorial Simplified : 11th April”

  1. Harnoor singh

    Very well explained.the tough and jargonized language of editorials has been greatly simplified…

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