Editorial Simplified : 18th day of May 2016
This Series of posts covers the essential Editorial from prominent newspapers. The Editorial from the newspapers are compiled by the Subject Teachers form the Academy and provided in notes format so that the aspirants does not waste their precious time in sifting through the newspapers.
The aspirants are advised to bookmark this page for future reference
Click on the tab below to read the Editorial Simplified for each newspaper
[accordion_content accordion_label=”Business Standard”]
Editorial : Another caged parrot?
Like CBI, NIA’s independence is open to question
What is the news?
Recent move by NIA to drop all charges against 6 of the accused in the 2008 bomb blasts in Malegaon, Maharashtra, has raised the question of the susceptibility of governmental investigative agencies to political pressures.
What is the significance of the case?
Case was considered a milestone because investigations, originally conducted by the Maharashtra anti-terrorism squad (ATS), revealed for the first time the role of Hindu right-wing groups in terror attacks such as on the Samjhauta Express in 2007.
What is the issue?
- Decision by the NIA, which took over the investigation in 2011, to drop all charges against the six, who were members of various Hindu-right organisations, is disturbing for several reasons.
- First, the former Special Prosecutor, revealed that SP attached to the NIA had approached her soon after the BJP-led NDA came to power to ask her to “go soft” on the accused in the case.
- Ms Salian, backed her statement with an affidavit she filed in the Bombay HC.Affidavit was part of a contempt petition by a Mumbai resident against the NIA for hampering the judicial process resulting in the weakening of the prosecution’s case .
- Present Special prosecutor threatened to resign when the NIA filed the charge-sheet dropping the charges, saying he had not been in the loop — only to retract the resignation, saying the issue had been resolved.
- It’s possible that evidence gathered under MCOCA, 1999 was compromised since the evidence was obtained under police interrogation . This could be one explanation by NIA for its decision.
- But why it did not make this self-evident discovery for five years, under a Congress-led United Progressive Alliance regime.
- NIA also pleaded lack of evidence; the incident took place three years before the NIA stepped in, so there was no more scope for collecting evidence .
- These inconsistencies add a general perception of lack of transparency .
- Also, it also relays that investigative agencies are also open to political manipulation.
Editorial : Security risks from delay
Risks to national security should spur quick decisions.
What is the news?
China is gearing for possible military action on the Tibetan plateau through a change of command structure and the mobilisation of forces.
What is expected from the govt?
Ministry must give the country its assessment of the security situation on the disputed land border with China, and whether the short-term threat perception has changed for any reason.
What the govt seems to be doing?
Government – like all its predecessors – prefers to play such issues close to its chest is something that has come to be expected, but that is no reason for accepting official silence on a matter of national security.
What is the present status of “ defence “ in india?
- In its annual report for 2015-16, the defence ministry notes that there has been an “increase in assertiveness” during routine patrolling by the Chinese army.
- Expenditure on defence, seen in relation to GDP, remains too low.
- Equipment procurement are running years behind schedule.For eg: the first of six new Scorpene submarines has ventured out for sea trials and will be inducted into the navy later this year, four years behind schedule .
- Basic equipment like assault rifles for the infantry is caught in a bureaucratic logjam.
- War reserves are being used up for routine operations, there isn’t enough ammunition to last a short war.
- Govt has taken initiatives to indigenise the manufacture of defence equipment, improve fighter aircraft maintenance for improved operational availability, and speed up procedural clearances for various acquisitions.
- However, the actual signing of contracts has been relatively rare.
Risks to national security shall act as spur for quick decisions and adequate budget allocations.
[accordion_content accordion_label=”Indian Express”]
Editorial : Fix the aberration
In the recent elections in Tamil Nadu the election commission has countermanded elections in two constituencies. The editorial studies the situation and identifies the hurdles in free and fair elections.
- Elections in two constituencies in Tamil Nadu after seizure of large amount of cash and documents suggesting distribution of cash among voters.
- A broader view of this incident points towards a new challenge for the Election Commission, which was until now focused on violent attempts to distort the poll like booth-capturing.
- The cash for vote phenomenon has gained ground recently and one of the reasons cited is successful crackdown of Election Commission on previously used strong arm methods aided by a vigilant media.
- The phenomenon has seemed more prominent in Tamil Nadu and the cause of this prominence is seen in Tamil Nadu’s brand of welfare politics which has legitimized freebies by political parties.
- The promises made in manifestos of parties across Tamil Nadu have blurred the lines between what constitutes a legitimate public good and what is an inducement.
- The Election Commission needs to encourage a more open conversation about nature of election campaigns and their limits.
- Expensive poll campaigns are threatening electoral democracy with cash rich parties relegating low money groups with their cash only.
- While elections in India are generally fair, public trust and faith in their credibility requires that each and every aberration be addressed.
Editorial : Unhappy augury
The Wholesale Price Index (WPI) inflation has recently regained ground to enter into positive territory after a ling time in negative arena. The editorial examines the causes behind this change.
Various Angles to look at the change in the stats
- It could be said that the data is just for a month and doesn’t represent a trend.
- A little inflation might be seen as an incentive for increasing production in the economy.
- Conversely this turnaround may also signal a more widespread hardening of prices.
Why is it a bad news for Indian economy?
- The prime drivers for the WPI increase are food articles.
- This increase in food prices is largely driven by supply side constraints and mismanagement of food economy.
- Also, back to back droughts and ill-timed government intervention have taken their toll on the economy.
- WPI increase driven by food articles will in due course increase the retail inflation as well, the metric the Reserve Bank Of India (RBI) bases its decisions on.
- This increase in WPI will most probably lead the RBI to reduce its accomodative stance in monetary policy.
- But no such prediction can be made about the fiscal policy of the Government of India which has been uncertain in the recent past.
[accordion_content accordion_label=”The Hindu”]
Editorial : Speaking up in numbers
Recently elections were held in many states across India. These saw high voter turn outs. The editorial lauds the election commission’s achievement and discusses other variables.
- Polling was recently held in the states of West Bengal, Assam, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.
- All of the States had a huge voter turn out with 84.7% in Assam being the highest.
Reasons for consistent increase in voter turnout
- Voter Interest has been enhanced because of relative ease in polling brought by Election Commission (EC)
- he EC has increased the number of polling booths, started use of photo electoral roles and use of computerized system that has eased voting.
- The EC’s outreach through various public officials and well known personalities has given a do good aura to voting.
- Regular updates of electoral rolls by EC have eliminated those who have moved away from the respective constituency hence increasing voting percentage.
Uniqueness of Indian democracy
- Indian democracy is unique not only in the scale of electioneering but also in the social inclusion visited on the voting day.
- Voters from marginalised sections have a feeling of self affirmation on voting day as every Indian is equal on the day.
The voting day in India is a reminder of the compact the State has with citizens, with those who have reposed faith in the system and the leaders they elect.
Ediorial : The ghosts of Sykes-Picot
The editorial tries to identify the causes of the tattered condition of West Asia and also predicts the future for the region.
- West Asia region has been lying in a shattered condition for quite some time now.
- The borders of Iraq and Syria have been virtually erased by the Islamic State.
- Iraqi Kurdistan is now demanding independence from Iraq.
Causes of the crisis
- Part of the blame lies in the century old agreement between Britain and France; The Sykes-Picot agreement signed in 1916, to divide the huge landmass of Ottoman Empire.
- The agreement was primarily concerned with retaining colonial interests and outrightly ignored social and ethnic contradictions.
- The powerful political ideologies which emerged from the region always directly or indirectly challenged this agreement. eg The declaration of United Arab Republic by Syria and Egypt.
- Even now , the Islamic State calls for an end to Sykes-Picot conspiracy.
- Another very significant cause of the crisis is consistent foreign interventions in the region.
- Also, the leaders of West Asia have failed to live upto challenges of their respective states.
- The crisis in the region has variety of reasons varying from colonial carve up , foreign interventions, Iraq war and the largely oppressive systems of administration in the area.
- The Iraq war unleashed jihadist forces which found a battle ground in Syria.
- Authoritarian rule and resistance to change sharpened the contradictions in the region.
Both the interventionists from abroad and the warring dictators at home should rethink their approaches. Else, the ghosts of Sykes-Picot will continue to haunt West Asia.
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