UPSC Mains 2016 | GS Paper 2 – Analysis


UPSC Mains 2016 Paper II, got a mixed response from the students due to a change in style and dynamism in the question pattern. The examiner has tried to accommodate all the points of the syllabus in the examination with a touch of current events. The portion of international events has focused merely on the neighbourhood studies and multilateral organisations. It was quite disappointing because our institution broadened the horizons of our students by brainstorming regional, national and international issues through a thread of patterns. The legislation that passed the litmus tests of both houses of the legislature were not given due importance. The examiner tried to cover the syllabus with proportionate allocation of topics with due diligence to contemporary scenario. Specific cases of Article 31-B of the Constitution (I.R. Coelho v. State of T.N., 2007) and UNESCO’s MacBride Commission report concerning issues of mass media were incorporated into the examination. Both of the issues were offbeat yet related to the contemporary issues of society.

Below are the questions which were asked in the UPSC Mains 2016 GS Paper – 2

  1. Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any, that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and the Institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian Federal politics?   (12.5 Marks)  
  2. To what extent is Article 370 of the Indian constitution, bearing marginal note “Temporary provision with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir” temporary? Discuss the future prospects of this provision in the context of Indian Polity.   (12.5 Marks)
  3.  “The Indian party system is passing through a phase of transition which looks to be full of contradictions and paradoxes.” Discuss   (12.5 Marks)
  4. Exercise of CAG’s powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and the states is derived from article 149 of the Indian Constitution. Discuss whether audit of the Government’s policy implementation could amount to overstepping its own (CAG) jurisdiction.   (12.5 Marks)
  5. Discuss each adjective attached to the word ‘Republic’ in the ‘Preamble’. Are they defendable in the present circumstances?   (12.5 Marks)
  6. What was held in the Coelho case? In this context, can you say that Judicial review is of key importance amongst the basic features of the Constitution?   (12.5 Marks)
  7.  Did the Government of India Act, 1935 lay down a federal constitution? Discuss   (12.5 Marks)
  8. What is a Quasi-judicial body? Explain with the help of concrete examples.   (12.5 Marks)
  9. Professor Amartya Sen has advocated important reforms in the realms of primary education and primary health care. What are your suggestions to improve their status and performance?   (12.5 Marks)
  10. “In the Indian government system, the role of non-state actors has been only marginal.” Critically examine this statement.   (12.5 Marks)
  11. “Effectiveness of the government system at various levels and people’s participation in the governance system are interdependent”. Discuss their relationship in the context of India.   (12.5 Marks)
  12. In the integrity index of Transparency International, India stands very low. Discuss briefly the legal, political, economic, social and cultural factors that have caused the decline of public morality in India.   (12.5 Marks)
  13. Has the Indian governmental system responded adequately to the demands of Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation started in 1991? What can the government do to be responsive to this important change?   (12.5 Marks)
  14. “Traditional bureaucratic structure and culture have hampered the process of socio-economic development in India”. Comment    (12.5 Marks)
  15. Examine the main provisions of the National Child Policy and throw light on the status of its implementation.   (12.5 Marks)
  16. “Demographic dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our man power becomes more educated, aware, skilled and creative.” What measures have been taken by the government to enhance the capacity of our population to be more productive and employable?   (12.5 Marks)
  17. “The broader aims and objectives of WTO are to manage and promote international trade in the era of globalisation. But the Doha round of negotiations seem doomed due to differences between the developed and the developing countries” Discuss in the Indian perspective.   (12.5 Marks)
  18. Evaluate the economic and strategic dimensions of India’s look East policy in the context of the post Cold War International scenario.   (12.5 Marks)
  19. “Increasing cross border terrorist attacks in India and growing interference in the internal affairs of several member-state by Pakistan are not conducive for the future of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)”. Explain with suitable examples.   (12.5 Marks)
  20. What are the aims and objectives of the McBride commission of the UNESCO? What is India’s position on these?   (12.5 Marks)

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