Contemporary issues between India and Pakistan

You cannot defeat an enemy whom you cannot define. If Pakistan is sponsoring terrorism against India, then Pakistan is an enemy state. Realpolitik says we should accept it without any mincing of words. Apparently, India has failed to realise this earlier but it has slowly started to make peace with this reality. India has been vociferously pushing across the same thought around the world diplomatically.
India’s diplomatic onslaught against Pakistan has been isolating Pakistan globally. US is shrinking off its shoulders from Pakistan quite often. On multiple occasions, the European countries have also stated it categorically that Pakistan should fall in line or face isolation.
Even many Islamic countries have abandoned their old policy of coming to the rescue of Pakistan. Faced with a crippling economy, unstable polity and proliferation of domestic dens of terror, Pakistan is being bitten by the snakes of its own backyard.
India’s objectives:
India has a dual security strategy towards Pakistan –
• Dismantling the terrorist sanctuaries and their operators in Pakistan, i.e. the Army and the ISI linked terror groups. Pakistani Army’s legitimacy rests solely on the anti-India rhetoric which is why every peace effort initiated by either side has been stumbled upon by the Rawalpindi network to maintain status quo of power.
• Securing nuclear threat emanating from the Pakistani establishment. A single way to ensure the same is to strengthen the partial democratic forces at hand in Pakistan and widening the trust deficit between Rawalpindi and citizenry by eroding legitimacy.
How to realise these objectives?
India needs a dual strategy as a pre-requisite to neutralise the Pakistani threat-
• Handling internal challenges – India should value its freedom, but if it comes in conflict with the supreme interest of the state, the latter should prevail. India’s political spectrum should be unanimously united over a strict approach against terrorism and keep armed forces out of politics.
• Handling external challenges – Leapfrogging the conventional warfare towards third generation warfare via strong intelligence arrangement and exercising of soft power might work well in favour of India. People of Pakistan have begun to see through the designs of their army but they are helpless. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s appeal to the Pakistani people to question their institutions of state regarding the war on poverty, illiteracy, ill-health and injustice goes well in sync with the ideological hegemony that India possesses over the adversarial state.
Geopolitical tilt:
Henry Kissinger’s words resonate in today’s era of geopolitics – “There are no permanent friends or foes in international politics, only interests.” Russia’s handing of olive branch to Pakistan is a signal for India. With the building up of anticipated Russia-China-Pakistan axis, Pakistan’s China card gets strengthened by default.
Being a sovereign, democratic and responsible nation, India cannot afford to seek an umbrella from another superpower, rather it should increase its punch and weight proportionately, both in diplomatic and military terms. Kautilya’s “Shadguna Sidhhanta – Six forms of diplomacy” might provide some insights to the Indian establishment for knitting a strong system of alliances.
Conclusion –
Bhagwad Gita says, “If you can bring pleasure and pain, loss and profit, victory and defeat at the same pedestal, i.e. there is nothing selfish for you in such an action, then all your actions in the battlefield become sinless.”

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