India's Foreign Policy : Priorities and Challenges

India’s Foreign Policy is formulated keeping in mind the safeguards and national interest first; along with the economic development of the country as a parallel process. Though based on traditional ethics India’s foreign policy is not rigid, rather it works with proactive approach and hence has shifted its cornerstone from non-alignment of post independence to “inclusive growth” in the present time; after witnessing continuous challenges at different instances.

Recalibrating India’s foreign policy the present government focused on basic five changes:-

  1. Certainty to economic and traditional development
  2. National as well as military power
  3. Stress on power but efficient actions
  4. Reduction in self imposed constraints
  5. Orientation of the policies to increase the Diaspora in the world

Above changes have been made in the foreign policy taking in consideration the changing geo-political environment of the world, shifting of power in Asia-Pacific, restriction on unilateralism and competitive prospective


  1. Neighbourhood: – Taking a look at last one year of Government policies indications are that the consolidation of neighborhood is a priority since it involves many cautions and sensitivities. Prime Minister’s recent visits to Bhutan, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Nepal has shown this vision of prioritising nation for mutuality, economic growth, tourism, soft power and people contact with neighbouring countries. (Strong stand can be there if required)
  2. Strategic Partnership:- Japan, US and Russia are among the Global strategic partners. Japan and India the two largest democracies shares common interest and Japan has emerged as an investment source. Russia though affected by the closeness of India-US relations continues to be a strategic partner. It is starting new joint production of various equipments in India, but now it’s not the main supplier of defence equipments. Indo-US relations have grown significantly with the convergence of interest and occurred as a partner in economic, technological and security perspective.
  3. Co-operation and competition:- Pakistan and China both work out as cooperative and competitive neighbours for India and finally India has accepted this fact. India’s policy focuses on development with or without Pakistan but not as it’s anti-hostage but giving competition to it. Also China is a major economy in the world and India needs to co-operate with it but to complete as well as in the distributed matters

Challenges faced by the Government

  1. Complexity due to intensified engagement with major and emerging powers
  2. Volatility in relations due to uncertainty in dealing with two Anti-nations
  3. Challenge to sustain the energized economic and development diplomacy
  4. To develop the domestic policy as to counterpart to foreign policy
  5. Check the short and long-term outcomes of policy

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