COP 21 – Climate Change Conference in Paris

COP 21 

COP 21 or the Climate change conference in United Nations was held at Paris in December 2015.  The world leaders deliberated and discussed ways to cut down carbon emissions and stop climate change. The COP 21 was attended by 150 world leaders to discuss new global agreements to mitigate effects of global warming and cut down carbon emissions

The main focus of COP 21 was to find solutions and limit the rise in global temperatures not more than 2 degree Celsius above pre-industrial level.

COP21India played an important role in the COP 21 and vouched for climate justice. Prime Minister Narendra Modi called for all nations with high emissions to assume ambitious targets and to allow developing nations to grow.

India has called for “Common goal; but common and differentiated responsibilities” according to the current status of the countries. It is notable that India’s emission, accounts for only 3% energy related carbon dioxide emissions. Moreover India did not specify a definite cap on its emissions. China also committed to reduce fossil fuel emissions by 2030

With increasing demand of power supply, India is likely to see an upsurge in the coal production in coming years. Mr. Modi during the COP 21 announced launch of solar alliance between 120 countries to expand solar power along with other renewable energy sources to counteract that. India aims to produce 175 GHz energy from renewable sources by 2022. Another way suggested was to increase the forest cover in India to absorb more carbon dioxide and to invent more technology to make it’s energy sector efficient. Climate financing (clean energy fund) from developed countries to harness renewable energy and cut down carbon emission was one of the ways forwards put up by Mr. Modi

RECENT EXAMPLES OF GLOBAL WARMING:

  • According to statistics Tibetian glacier known as roof top of the world known for its glaciers and its influence on world climate especially on monsoons is melting at a faster pace than expected.
  • The holy Namastu Lake in its vicinity has expanded by 50 sq km between 2000 and 2014. Experts say that rapidly increasing temperature is causing the increased glacier melting.
  • Glaciers in autonomous Tibetian region have shrunk by 15 % over the past 30 yrs
  • If melting continues at present rate 2/3 of the plateau’s glacier are likely to melt by 2050 impacting all nearby counties

Innovations in the Field of Science & Technology to curb Climate change and reach the Objectives of COP 21 

IISC SCIENTIST INVENTS NEW GENERATION TRANSISTORS

  • The tiny semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and forms the building blocks of all electronic devices
  • Used in high speed devices like laptops and computers
  • But beyond 2018 almost all the present designs will become obsolete
  • IISC SCIENTIST Invented and demonstrated a new transistor design
  • Already patented with the phenomena of vertical tunneling where in electrons tunnels through vertical barrier and hetro junctions consisting interface between layers of dissimilar crystalline  semiconductor to transfer electrons.

ADVANTAGES:

  • 15 times less power requirement
  • Improved battery life
  • Smaller than state of the art
  • Improved chip performance
  • New design consumes lower voltage
  • Less charge in idle state

INTERNATIONAL CYCLOTHRON IN ORISSA

  • To emphasize on “ reducing the use of fuel driven vehicles” 200 organizations participated in Konark International Cyclotron in Odisha on 29th Nov 2015.
  • Representatives from various educational institutions, NGO’s , Corporate houses and Govt. institutions participated in 40 Km cycle run from Puri to Konark City to mark the event.

LED LIGHTS( HISTORY AND USAGE)

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  • Cheap and energy efficient
  • Better life span

History and evolution of LED lamps

  • 1907 captain Henry Joseph observed that light was generated when electricity was passes through silicon carbide . This phenomenon was called Electroluminescence but he did not give much attention to this work.
  • A few years later Russian scientist observed that diodes he used in radio receivers used light when electricity was passes through them. Published this theory in Russian journal.
  • Based on Einstein’s quantum mechanics he explained light emission as an inverse of photoelectric effect
  • His Work done paved way for development of LED technology.
  • In 1950 BRITISH made a diode based on infra red emission from gallium arsenide(first infrared LED’s)
  • Scientists in Texas later  in discovered first infra red emission diode ; they had  used gallium arsenide by using  laser based diode
  • First led for which they acquired

FUTURE

  • In coming years we can expect Carbonic led s with quantum led LED’s
  • Computer controlled ,zero thermal heating LED’s
  • Major component of green technology of future
  • LED to reduce global warming

It is noteworthy that US EMBASSY MONITORING STATION  has recently declared Delhi as most toxic smog area in the country. The Air quality index (Delhi) is 372 which is in the hazardous category

News Update : 17th Dec. 2015

News Update : 17th day of Dec. 2015

News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

The aspirants are advised to make their own notes for future reference (Point wise)

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Economy”]

  1. Cautionary signals from the export slump
  2. How you are fuelling development
  3. India’s investment climate better: Cisco
  4. ‘History will judge WTO poorly if inequities persist’

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”International Relations and Security”]

  1. The strange love for nuclear energy
  2. Action in Riyadh
  3. Mayhem without a mastermind
  4. Western follies and the rise of IS
  5. India, Bangladesh begin land survey

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Polity and Governance”]

  1. Public policy, private gain
  2. Are you an Aryan invader?
  3. In an ‘extraordinary’ step, SC appoints U.P. Lokayukta
  4. Exclusive right to enter sanctum sanctorum is not untouchability: court
  5. SC affirms Centre’s role in collegium

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Environment & Ecology”]

  1. In Delhi, just waiting to inhale
  2. Courting change

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”In Other News”]

  1. Language, power, nationalism
  2. Let’s be angry, let’s act
  3. Jyoti Singh
  4. ISRO launches 6 Singapore satellites
  5. Camel Coupons 2019
  6. Roblox Promo Codes

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As a new Initiative here are some MCQs from Yesterday’s News. We suggest that you take this small  2-3 minutes quiz to revise your current affairs on daily basis.
If you have read any other important article today apart from the above do share it with your fellow aspirants in the comments section below. We would love to hear your thoughts and suggestion.

[WpProQuiz 2]

 

News Update : 16th Dec. 2015

News Update : 16th day of Dec. 2015

News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

The aspirants are advised to make their own notes for future reference (Point wise)

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Economy”]

  1. Splendid decade, but miles to go
  2. Like dynamite
  3. India Business Card for SAARC trade
  4. Exports continue slide in Nov., trade deficit narrows

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”International Relations and Security”]

  1. Peace in the pipeline
  2. What policing in India needs to be
  3. In China, India and Pak. differ on terror

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Polity and Governance”]

  1. Panchayats must not be elitist
  2. An odd policy
  3. Transactions above Rs. 2 lakh need PAN from January 1 to curb black money

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Environment & Ecology”]

  1. A climate more congenial to India
  2. Paris triumph

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”In Other News”]

  1. Reimagining our big cities
  2. Over the top
  3. Nobel laureate bats for GM crops
  4. ‘Cardiovascular disease top killer’
  5. Kenya backs food security, farmers’ interests

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As a new Initiative here are some MCQs from Yesterday’s News. We suggest that you take this small  2-3 minutes quiz to revise your current affairs on daily basis.
If you have read any other important article today apart from the above do share it with your fellow aspirants in the comments section below. We would love to hear your thoughts and suggestion.
 

[WpProQuiz 1]

News Update : 15th Dec. 2015

News Update : 15th day of Dec. 2015

News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

The aspirants are advised to make their own notes for future reference (Point wise)

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Economy”]

  1. Much to lose
  2. Doha trade talks in jeopardy
  3. Hopes recede for GST Bill passage
  4. India wants WTO to discuss farm subsidies of the rich
  5. As economy slows, China urges G20 to focus on domestic reforms
  6. ‘Synergies must drive bank mergers’

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”International Relations and Security”]

  1. India, Japan chart Asia’s peaceful rise
  2. A shift from style to substance
  3. Cautious cooperation with Japan
  4. A new way to Act East
  5. Stronger together

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Polity and Governance”]

  1. A postscript on the NJAC

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Environment & Ecology”]

  1. At Paris, something for everyone
  2. Get smart on diesel cars
  3. A long way from Rio
  4. Natural disasters almost spell death for the elderly in India’s mega cities

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”In Other News”]

  1. How deep is India’s poverty?
  2. ‘Inequality pulls back India’
  3. New rules mandate undertaking by NGOs

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If you have read any other important article today apart from the above do share it with your fellow aspirants in the comments section below. We would love to hear your thoughts and suggestion.

News Update : 14th Dec. 2015

News Update : 14th day of Dec. 2015

News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

The aspirants are advised to make their own notes for future reference (Point wise)

[accordion_wrapper]
[accordion_content accordion_label=”Economy”]

  1. WTO meet: striking a fair deal
  2. U.S. civil society groups back India’s stand at WTO
  3. A cannon yet to fire — not a single big ticket proposal

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”International Relations and Security”]

  1. Setback for Venezuela’s socialists
  2. Lessons of 1963
  3. No secrecy, just precaution: Sharif
  4. N-deal hinges on Abe’s political skills

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Polity and Governance”]

  1. The Congress’s burden of history
  2. Panchayats and gender imbalance

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Environment & Ecology”]

  1. Hope on climate & a long road ahead
  2. Devil lurks in climate deal details
  3. It’s a deal
  4. Paris pact will secure earth for future, says Obama as world leaders hail deal

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Science & Technology”]

  1. ISRO gears up for PSLV C-29 launch
  2. Surveillance, an anti-pollution weapon
  3. Leading technology trends for 2016

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”In Other News”]

  1. When car-free is stay-at-home
  2. Chennai can learn from Gandhi
  3. The trial is also about us

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If you have read any other important article today apart from the above do share it with your fellow aspirants in the comments section below. We would love to hear your thoughts and suggestion.

Important News to follow : 11th Sept 2015

11th day of Sept. 2015 News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Economy”]

  1. Shelter from the Storm: Nurturing domestic demand can provide a sanctuary in world hostile to growth
  2. Cabinet gives green signal to gold bond, monetisation plan
  3. Cabinet approves much awaited spectrum trading guidelines
  4. Utilising MSMEs as engines for growth

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Environment”]

  1. Save the habitat to save the Great Indian Bustard

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Polity and Governance”]

  1. Tunnel effect and caste reservations (Note : excellent utilization of a new construct to understand caste politics in India.)
  2. Lessons From Europe’s Shores
  3. Business friendly drive: ‘Competitive federalism’ triggers reforms in states

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”International Relations and Security”]

  1. If Xi stumbles (Note : To to understand domestic politics of china)
  2. Simply put: Diplomats and rules of the game (Note : In wake of Saudi Arabia ambassador implication in rape case.)
  3. Turkey’s Islamic State dilemma
  4. India should build on its historical ties with Iran
  5. Stringent visa systems and immigration laws are 20th century anachronism that must go

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