GSLV launches South Asia Satellite | PIB Summary

India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-F09) successfully launched the 2230 kg South Asia Satellite (GSAT-9) into its planned Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). The launch of GSLV was its eleventh and took place from the Second Launch Pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR (SDSC SHAR), Sriharikota, the spaceport of India. This is the fourth consecutive success achieved by GSLV carrying indigenously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage.

 About South Asia Satellite 

  • South Asia Satellite is a communication satellite built by ISRO to provide a variety of communication services over the South Asian region. For this, it is equipped with Ku-band transponders.
  • In the coming days, the satellite orbit will be raised from its present GTO to the final circular Geostationary Orbit (GSO) by firing the satellite’s Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM) in stages.
  • The South Asia Satellite will be commissioned into service after the completion of orbit raising operations and the satellite’s positioning in its designated slot in the GSO following in-orbit testing of its payloads.

GSLV Highlights

  • Space diplomacy has touched new heights with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s unique gift in the sky to South Asian neighbours.
  • The gift of a communications satellite for use by neighbours at no cost has perhaps no precedent worldwide.
  • The satellite, which weighs over 2 tonnes, has been fabricated in three years at a cost of over Rs 230 crores.
  • Its footprint that extends all over South Asia.
  • The South Asia Satellite has 12 Ku band transponders which India’s neighbours can utilise to increase communications.
  • Each country will get access to at least one transponder through which they could beam their own programming.
  • The satellite will facilitate DTH television, VSAT links, tele-education, telemedicine and disaster management support. It will provide critical communication links in times of disasters such as earthquakes, cyclones, floods, and tsunamis.
  • Heads of Government from all the seven South Asian nations who are benefiting from the satellite, connected via video conference, in a unique celebration of the successful launch.

Neem Coating Of Urea | PIB Summary

Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) conducted a study to determine the impact of Neem Coated Urea that clearly demonstrates the benefits of the of the scheme, as detailed ahead.

Neem Coated Urea | Details

The interim report prepared by Agricultural Development and Rural Transformation Centre (ADRTC), Bengaluru has been submitted by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DACFW).

Benefits of Neem Coated Urea

The brief findings of the study are as follows:

  • Improvement in soil health;
  • Reduction in costs with respect to plant protection chemicals;
  • Reduction in pest and disease attack;
  • An increase in yield of paddy, sugarcane, maize, soybean and tur/red gram to an extent of 5.79%, 17.5%, 7.14%, 7.4%and 16.88% respectively;
  • Diversion of highly subsidized urea towards non-agricultural purposes negligible among farmers after the introduction of the mandatory policy of production and distribution of only Neem coated urea.

Neem Coated Urea | Background

  • On 2nd June 2008, the Government had notified the policy for encouraging production and availability of fortified and coated fertilizers in the country wherein the indigenous manufacturers/producers of the subsidized fertilizers were allowed to produce fortified/coated subsidized fertilizers up to a maximum of 20%of their total production of respective subsidized fertilizers.
  • This ceiling of production of Neem Coated Urea(NCU)was increased from the limit of 20% to a maximum of 35% of their total production vide notification dated 11th January, 2011.
  • Government, on 24th March, 2015 made mandatory for all the indigenous producers of urea to produce 75%of their total production of subsidized urea as Neem Coated Urea. Subsequently, on 25th May 2015, Department of Fertilizers made it mandatory for all the domestic producers of urea to produce 100% as Neem Coated Urea with an extra MRP of 5% (of Rs. 5360/- per MT) to be charged by the fertilizer manufacturing entities from farmers. Entire quantity of indigenously produced urea and imported urea is being neem coated w.e.f 1st September, 2015 and 1st December, 2015 respectively.

Forecast of Natural Disasters By ISRO | PIB Summary

ISRO is working on systems to forecast the natural disasters that could  be  used  as  input  by  States/ disaster  management  agencies.

Highlights

ISRO is carrying out studies to facilitate best use of the satellite derived information to develop methodologies for forecasting the natural disasters. Some of such methodologies developed include:

  1. Cyclone formation, track and Intensity: ISRO has developed methodologies for forecasting the cyclone formation, it’s track and intensity using satellite based observation. The methodology developed has been transferred to India meteorological Department (IMD) who is mandated for cyclone forecast.
  2. Flood Early Warning System: The North Eastern Space Applications Centre (NESAC) of ISRO has developed the Flood Early Warning System (FLEWS) as a Research & Development (R&D) project in Assam State in association with Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA). The FLEWS model is being used in all 25 flood prone districts of Assam. Another model for forecasting floods in Godavari floodplains in Andhra Pradesh is developed by National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) of ISRO. The methodology is being used by Central Water Commission (CWC). ISRO is developing similar systems for Krishna, Brahmani-Baitarani, Ghagra, Gandak, and Kosi rivers.
  3. Heavy Rainfall/ cloud burst alerts: Space Applications Centre (SAC) of ISRO has developed a model, for heavy rainfall / cloud burst alerts, which is being experimentally carried out for Indian region. The information is made available on ISRO’s MOSDAC (Meteorological & Oceanographic Satellite Data Archival Centre) website.
  4. Rainfall triggered landslide alerts for the Uttarakhand Region: An experimental early warning system for rainfall triggered landslides is developed for use along the pilgrimage route corridors leading to Gangotri, Badrinath and Kedarnath as well as along the Pithoragarh-Malpa route in Uttarakhand. The forewarning is generated based on the statistical relation between the terrain (geological, morphological) and temporal (primarily long term rainfall events) factors.
  5. Extreme weather events: ISRO has developed experimental methodologies for early warning extreme weather events such as heat wave using numerical weather predictions. The information derived is being made available on the MOSDAC website. 

Other technologies

  • ISRO has realised two satellite missions, Viz., MeghaTropiques (launched in Oct 2011) and SARAL (launched in Feb 2013), in collaboration with French National Space Agency (CNES).
  • Presently, it is working with National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), USA towards joint realisation of a satellite mission, namely, ‘NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR), to be launched by 2020-21 timeframe.  The fund allocation for MeghaTropiques is Rs. 81.6 Crores, SARAL is Rs. 73.75 Crores and for NISAR is Rs. 513 Crores.

News Update : 06th October 2016

News Update : 06th Day of October 2016

News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

The aspirants are advised to make their own notes for future reference (Point wise)

Below are the topic wise important News for Today

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  1. Automation threatens 69% jobs in India: World Bank
  2. Markets price in more easing by RBI, see risk in policy shift
  3. Services sector slows in Sept.
  4. Steel imports dip, Centre retains minimum price
  5. ‘India will need freer trade’
  6. Cashless India: Challenges and benefits

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  1. Bill to protect HIV community from bias gets approval
  2. Amnesty by another name

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  1. UN court rejects disarmament case against India
  2. Indo-Pak chill won’t impact S.Asia
  3. U.S. poll offers Kremlin a window of opportunity in Syria
  4. Xi Jinping may delay choosing a successor
  5. SAARC must address terror, says Sri Lanka

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  1. Nobel Prize in Chemistry goes to builders of molecular machines

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  1. Three shades of denial

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News Update : 05th October 2016

News Update : 05th Day of October 2016

News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

The aspirants are advised to make their own notes for future reference (Point wise)

Below are the topic wise important News for Today

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  1. New regime at RBI debuts with rate cut
  2. Financial gains in giving
  3. Global growth to stay weak: IMF
  4. SEBI to audit its governance standards
  5. ‘NPA situation to be dealt with firmness, pragmatism’

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  1. Cauvery board formation put off, SC gives nod for ‘technical team’
  2. To be truly transparent
  3. New rules of the game

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  1. Clinching the N-deal with Japan
  2. A lost opportunity
  3. U.S. suspends Syria talks amid rising tension with Russia

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  1. Physics Nobel shared by three, one half by one and the other by two

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News Update : 30th September 2016

News Update : 30th Day of September 2016

News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

The aspirants are advised to make their own notes for future reference (Point wise)

Below are the topic wise important News for Today

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  1. Budget merger may need Parliament’s nod

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  1. Heed the boundary

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  1. Envoys of 31 nations on Spice Route to meet
  2. Defining moment

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  1. IWAI clarifies on Gangetic dolphins

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  1. ‘Miracle’ TB drug hit by low enrolment
  2. What Rosetta mission uncovered
  3. Aircraft with Indian airborne warning system set for induction
  4. 3D-printed material helps bones regrow

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  1. ‘T.N. in dire need of water’
  2. A low priority called health
  3. Normal monsoon, with some erratic features

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News Update : 29th September 2016

News Update : 29th Day of September 2016

News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

The aspirants are advised to make their own notes for future reference (Point wise)

Below are the topic wise important News for Today

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  1. Centre to wind up Hindustan Cables[/accordion_content]

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  1. Government nod to link IT systems of CBEC with GST network

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  1. To revive an old friendship
  2. SAARC minus one
  3. No option but to talk

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  1. Union Cabinet approves ratification of climate document
  2. India’s climate future at stake
  3. Quarrying destroys Laggar Falcon habitat in Madurai

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  1. A new handheld device to detect melamine in milk

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  1. Sikkim’s clean villages make it the kingdom of Swachh
  2. Understanding scrub typhus, the jungle fever that is stalking Himachal Pradesh

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News Update : 28th September 2016

News Update : 28th Day of September 2016

News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

The aspirants are advised to make their own notes for future reference (Point wise)

Below are the topic wise important News for Today

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Economy”]

  1. GST and Indian trade
  2. Jan-Dhan to offer banking on internet-less phones
  3. WEF ranks India as 39th most competitive economy

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  1. Give 6,000 cusecs to T.N. for 3 days, Karnataka told
  2. Govt to implement Khan panel views in 6 months
  3. A Lawless Law

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  1. A case for accepting the WTO ruling
  2. It is time for a uniform asylum law
  3. From buses to trains and ceasefire to trade, Indo-Pak pacts that hold
  4. India to invest $2 billion in Sri Lanka over 3-4 years

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  1. Invisible foe in air kills 600,000 in a year
  2. Phase-out of HFCs is low-hanging fruit, Kigali likely to deliver a deal

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  1. Mega launchers for ISRO soon
  2. By Jupiter! Proof of water plumes on moon
  3. Cheap method to make graphene nanosheets

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  1. Joblessness rises to 5-year high

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News Update : 27th September 2016

News Update : 27th Day of September 2016

News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

The aspirants are advised to make their own notes for future reference (Point wise)

Below are the topic wise important News for Today

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Economy”]

  1. Cabinet’s formal nod to be sought for Budget on Feb. 1

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Polity & Governance”]

  1. The case against simultaneous polls
  2. The importance of dimensional analysis
  3. Preventing death in custody

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  1. Value of ISRO’s workhorse goes up

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  1. River sutra: stay within treaty but use India’s rights fully

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  1. Joining the climate high table

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News Update : 26th September 2016

News Update : 26th Day of September 2016

News update covers the essential news articles from various newspapers segregated according to various subjects falling under the realm of civil services preparations.

The aspirants are advised to make their own notes for future reference (Point wise)

Below are the topic wise important News for Today

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[accordion_content accordion_label=”Economy”]

  1. ICOR 2016 indicates substantial increase in actual CSR spending 13% yoy

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  1. PSLV-C35 to inject eight satellites in different orbits
  2. World’s largest radio telescope begins operations

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  1. India to Ratify Paris Agreement on Climate Change
  2. New species of pika found in Sikkim

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