2nd January 2020

1. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true about the Nadanthai Vaazhi Cauvery River project? 1. It aims to rejuvenate and restore Cauvery river on the lies of Namami Gange. 2. The Union Ministry of Jal Shakti has given in-principle approval to fund the Nadanthai Vaazhi Cauvery project. 3. River Cauvery is also known as the Ganges of the South.

Correct! Wrong!

The ambitious Nadanthai Vaazhi Cauvery aims to restore Cauvery and its tributaries on the lines of the Ganga Restoration and Rejuvenation (Namami Gange). The project might cost about 7,000 crore to 10,000 crore. It is also known as the Ganges of South. However, the Union Ministry of Jal Shakti has not yet given any approval to provide financial assistance to Tamil Nadu State Government for the project. The river Cauvery is the lifeline of the Tamil Nadu and considered one of the sacred rivers of south India. Note - Some people call River Godavari as ‘Dakshin Ganga’ due to the size of the river, but Cauvery is called ‘Ganges of the South’ due to the religious importance of the river.

2. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true about microplastics? 1. Microplastics are tiny particles which are present in many sources, including carry bags and pet bottles. 2. Microplastics have also been shown to absorb toxic chemicals linked to cancer and other illnesses. 3. Microbeads, a kind of microplastic has been recently banned in India after studying the ban in US and Canada.

Correct! Wrong!

Microplastics are tiny particles which are present in many sources, including carry bags and pet bottles. These tiny particles easily pass through water filtration systems and end up in the water bodies, posing a potential threat to aquatic life. Microbeads, a kind of microplastic, are used as exfoliates in some cleansers and toothpastes. Even though banned in US and Canada, microbeads are still used in India. Microplastics can migrate through the intestinal wall and travel to lymph nodes and other bodily organs. Microplastics have also been shown to absorb toxic chemicals linked to cancer and other illnesses, and then release them when consumed by fish and mammals.

3. Which of the following is/are the tributaries of the Cauvery river? 1. Bhavani 2. Amaravathi 3. Noyyal

Correct! Wrong!

The ambitious Nadanthai Vaazhi Cauvery aims to restore Cauvery and its tributaries on the lines of the Ganga Restoration and Rejuvenation. The agenda is to have a multi-departmental approach for bio-diversity conservation, afforestation, cleaning of river surface, setting up sewerage treatment plant (STP), river front development and rejuvenation of the river and its main tributaries - Bhavani, Amaravathi and Noyyal.

4. Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) are used to detect -

Correct! Wrong!

The forest fire points (FFP) are identified using a moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) by overlaying the points coverage over the grid coverage of 5km x 5km.

5. Which of the following countries have recently passed an anti-infiltration bill to counter Chinese influence?

Correct! Wrong!

Republic of China, also known as Taiwan has passed a controversial bill which aims at countering China’s influence on the self-ruled island. The anti-infiltration bill bans “hostile” foreign forces from activities such as campaigning, lobbying, making political donations, disrupting social order or spreading disinformation related to elections.

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